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Collection Number: 05180

Collection Title: Louis J. Sands Papers, 1856-1903

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 18 items items
Abstract Louis J. Sands of New York state served in the United States Navy before and during the Civil War. The collection includes a scrapbook of letters, loose letters, newspaper clippings, and pictures relating to Louis J. Sands. There are approximately 90 letters between Sands and others, including Sands's brother, Arthur Sands, and his cousin, Ned Prince. Early letters discuss his experiences in the United States Navy as a clerk on the USS Susquehanna and the USS Congress before the Civil War, including a failed attempt at laying the first transcontinental telegram cable across the Atlantic, and voyages to Montevideo, Uruguay, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Letters written during the Civil War refer to naval battles in which Sands participated while serving on the USS Seminole and the USS Shamrock, including the battle of Port Royal, S.C., and the captures of Norfolk, Va.; Plymouth, N.C.; and Murfreesboro, N.C. Some of the loose letters are from the Civil War years and deal with the same subjects as the scrapbook letters. Other loose letters date from 1903 and appear to be related to attempts by Sands to learn more about the his family history. Newspaper clippings consist of a biography of Samuel Francis du Pont, commander of the United States Navy attack on Port Royal, S.C., and obituaries of Colonel S. Van Rensselaer Cruger, a relative of Sands. Two photographs, 1863, are of Sands in his United States Navy uniform. Also included is a picture by an unknown artist of the sinking of the USS Bazely on 9 December 1864 by a Confederate torpedo on the Roanoke River in North Carolina. Sands was commanding the ship at the time of its sinking.
Creator Sands, Louis J., b. 1836.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Louis J. Sands Papers #5180-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Historical Collectible Auctions of Graham, N.C., in September 2004 (Acc. 99905).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Louis J. Sands was originally from New York state. A lieutenant in the United States Navy, in 1856 he was appointed clerk to his great-uncle, Captain Joshua R. Sands, who had seen service in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War and was a commodore during the Civil War. They served aboard the steam frigate USS Susquehanna, undertaking voyages to the Caribbean Sea, South America, and the Mediterranean Sea. With the start of the Civil War, Louis J. Sands was assigned to the sloop of war USS Seminole, as part of the Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Later on, he served on the tin-clad ram, USS Shamrock, and the tug, USS Bazely.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes a scrapbook of letters, loose letters, newspaper clippings, and pictures relating to Louis J. Sands. There are approximately 90 letters between Sands and others, including Sands's brother, Arthur Sands, and his cousin, Ned Prince. Early letters discuss his experiences in the United States Navy as a clerk on the USS Susquehanna and the USS Congress before the United States Civil War, including a failed attempt at laying the first transcontinental telegram cable across the Atlantic, and voyages to Montevideo, Uruguay, and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Letters written during the Civil War refer to naval battles in which Sands participated while serving on the USS Seminole and the USS Shamrock, including the battle of Port Royal, S.C., and the captures of Norfolk, Va.; Plymouth, N.C.; and Murfreesboro, N.C. Some of the loose letters are from the Civil War years and deal with the same subjects as the scrapbook letters. Other loose letters date from 1903 and appear to be related to attempts by Sands to learn more about the his family history. Newspaper clippings consist of a biography of Samuel Francis du Pont, commander of the United States Navy attack on Port Royal, S.C., and obituaries of Colonel S. Van Rensselaer Cruger, a relative of Sands. Two photographs, 1863, are of Sands in his United States Navy uniform. Also included is a picture by an unknown artist of the sinking of the USS Bazely on 9 December 1864 by a Confederate torpedo on the Roanoke River in North Carolina. Sands was commanding the ship at the time of its sinking.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Papers, 23 April 1856-16 December 1903.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Items separated include a scrapbook (V-5180/S-1) and pictures (P-5180).

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Processing Information

Processed by: Jesse Brown, November 2004

Encoded by: Jesse Brown, November 2004

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