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Collection Number: 04879

Collection Title: Junius Irving Scales Papers, 1940-1978

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 7.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1000 items)
Abstract Junius Irving Scales (1920- ), native of Greensboro, N.C., and graduate of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, was Communist Party chair for North and South Carolina, 1948-1956. Personal and political papers of Junius Scales, including Communist party Papers, a small amount of material about the Progressive Party (1948), personal correspondence, the proceedings of Scales's 1958 trial under the Smith Act, drafts of his two books, and other personal papers.
Creator Scales, Junius Irving.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Junius Irving Scales Papers #4879, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Junius I. Scales of Pine Bush, N.Y., in July 1997 (Acc. 97085).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Junius Scales, a native of Greensboro, N.C., and graduate of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, was the chair of the Communist Party of North Carolina and South Carolina from 1948 to 1956. He was the first individual imprisoned under the Smith Act for membership in the Communist Party and suspected plotting to overthrow the United States government. He served fourteen months before his sentence was commuted by President John F. Kennedy. A play was written in 1976 about his trial.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection contains personal and political papers of Junius Scales, including Communist party propaganda, personal correspondence, the proceedings of his trial, drafts of his two books, and other personal papers.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958.

About 250 items.

Arrangement: by subject.

Political papers and memorabilia and publications of the Communist Party and of related groups, including the Progressive Party.

Folder 1

Communist Party Membership information #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 1

Folder 2-3

Folder 2

Folder 3

Communist Party Policy and teaching - general #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 2-3

Folder 4

Communist Party Policy and teaching - Youth Commission #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 4

Folder 5

Communist Party Political campaigns - Wallace #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 5

Folder 6

Communist Party Political campaigns - other #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 6

Folder 7

Communist Party in the South General #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 7

Folder 8

Communist Party in the South North Carolina Party #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 8

Folder 9

Communist Party in the South Southern Negro Youth Conference #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 9

Folder 10

Communist Party in the South Civil rights #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 10

Folder 11

Communist Party in the South Southern Conference on Human Welfare #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 11

Folder 12

Communist and Progressive Party conventions, 1939-1946 #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 12

Folder 13

Communist and Progressive Party conventions, 1947-1956 #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 13

Folder 14

Communist Party propaganda National defense #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 14

Folder 15

Communist Party propaganda Korean War #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 15

Folder 16

Communist Party propaganda Draft #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 16

Folder 17

Communist Party propaganda Nazi threat #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 17

Folder 18-19

Folder 18

Folder 19

Anti-Communist activities #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 18-19

Folder 20-21

Folder 20

Folder 21

Labor General #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 20-21

Folder 22

Labor CIO #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 22

Folder 23

Labor Mills #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 23

Folder 24

Labor Furniture #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 24

Folder 25

Labor Hosiery #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 25

Folder 26

Labor Steel #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 26

Folder 27

Labor Textile #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 27

Folder 28

Labor Textile Workers Voice #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 28

Folder 29

Labor Tobacco #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 29

Folder 30

Communist Party publications Daily Worker #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 30

Folder 31

Communist Party publications Party Voice and the Bulletin #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 31

Folder 32

Communist Party publications For Peace and Fighter for Peace #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 32

Folder 33

Communist Party publications Texas Star and Southern Patriot #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 33

Folder 34

Communist Party publications Radio publicity #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 34

Folder 35

Communist Party publications Economic Notes #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 35

Folder 36

Communist Party publications Economic Notes #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 36

Folder 37

Communist Party publications Miscellaneous #04879, Series: "1. Subjects, circa 1940-1958." Folder 37

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Personal Correspondence, 1940-1978.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: chronological and by trial type.

Publicity, legal correspondence, petitions, and trial proceedings from Scales's trial in 1958.

Folder 47

Publicity #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 47

Folder 48

Legal correspondence #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 48

Folder 49

Circuit Court appeals #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 49

Folder 50

Supreme Court petitions, 1955-1957 #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 50

Folder 51

Supreme Court petitions, 1958-1960 #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 51

Folder 52

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 17 January #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 52

Folder 53

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 3 and 4 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 53

Folder 54

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 5 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 54

Folder 55

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 6 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 55

Folder 56

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 7 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 56

Folder 57

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 10 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 57

Folder 58

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 11 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 58

Folder 59

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 12 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 59

Folder 60

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 13 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 60

Folder 61

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 14 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 61

Folder 62

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 17 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 62

Folder 63

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 18 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 63

Folder 64

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 19 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 64

Folder 65

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 20 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 65

Folder 66

Scales trial proceedings, 1958 21 February #04879, Series: "3. Scales Trial, 1955-1960." Folder 66

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Book drafts, circa 1970.

About 300 items.

Arrangement: by book title.

Drafts of Once Upon a Felon, a book written by Scales, and Rebel with a Lost Cause, written by Scales and Richard Nickson.

Folder 67-77

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Once Upon a Felon #04879, Series: "4. Book drafts, circa 1970." Folder 67-77

Folder 78-82

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Rebel with a Lost Cause #04879, Series: "4. Book drafts, circa 1970." Folder 78-82

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Personal papers of Scales including financial Papers, military records, diaries, Communist School notes, and miscellaneous notes. The war records and papers include a few U.S. Army forms, but mostly consist of guide-books and political pamphlets that Scales acquired in Italy during World War II. The diaries are small volumes in which Scales recorded expenses, appointments, and a few notes.

Folder 83-84

Folder 83

Folder 84

Financial papers #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 83-84

Folder 85-86

Folder 85

Folder 86

War records and papers #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 85-86

Folder 87

War records and papers Diaries, 1949 and 1953 #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 87

Folder 88

War records and papers Membership cards #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 88

Folder 89

War records and papers Prison papers #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 89

Folder 90

War records and papers Communist School notes #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 90

Folder 91-92

Folder 91

Folder 92

Miscellaneous notes #04879, Series: "5. Personal Papers, circa 1940-1978." Folder 91-92

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Processing Information

Processed by: Adera Scheinker, August 1997

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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