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Collection Number: 02876

Collection Title: Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1,300 items)
Abstract Speculation Land Company was a New York company which owned thousands of acres in Buncombe County, Rutherford County, and Mecklenburg County, N.C. The lands were acquired by Tenche Coxe (1755-1824) in 1797, but soon were turned over to Pierre Etienne DuPonceau (1760-1844) and Abraham Kintzig of Philadelphia, Pa. About 1825 the properties came into possession of a group of New York owners and their agents in North Carolina. The collection includes legal papers, surveying records, agents' account books of sales, and other items, including scattered personal papers of some of the agents. Some correspondence and accounts of the 1850s relate to gold and other mining on the Mecklenburg County lands, and post-Civil War papers relate to the recovery of the properties which had been taken over by Confederate sequestration agents.
Creator Speculation Land Company.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Speculation Land Company Records, #2876, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Loaned by Fred McBrayer of Rutherfordton, N.C., and Mrs. George W. Justice of Hendersonville, N.C., December 1952.
Additional Descriptive Resources
A copy of the original finding aid for this collection is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

Speculation Land Company was a New York company which owned thousands of acres in Buncombe, Rutherford, and Mecklenburg counties, N.C. The lands were acquired by Tenche Coxe (1755-1824) of Philadelphia, Pa., in 1797. Soon afterward, Coxe assigned some of the lands to Peter Stephen (Pierre Etienne) DuPonceau (1760-1844) and Abraham Kintzig, also of Philadelphia. In 1809 the lands were sold to Augustus Sacket who later defaulted on his mortgage and the lands were returned to the ownership of DuPonceau and Kintzig around 1825. The lands were subsequently sold to a group of New York owners by the name of Thomson, Hoyt, Murray, and Bronson. The New York owners employed agents in North Carolina to manage the lands including James Stevens, Joshua Forman, Matthew W. Davis, Thomas B. Justice, and C. B. Justice. Spokesmen for the landowner group in New York were successively Arthur Bronson, Frederick Bronson, and Willett Bronson. The numerous heirs and assignees of this original group sold out, 1920, to Fred McBrayer of Rutherfordton, N.C., and George W. Justice of Hendersonville, N.C.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes the records of the Speculation Land Company regarding lands owned in Buncombe, Rutherford, and Mecklenburg counties, N.C. There are legal papers, surveying records, agents account books of sales, and other items, including scattered personal papers of some of the agents. Some correspondence and accounts of the 1850s relate to gold and other mining on the Mecklenburg County lands, and post-Civil War papers relate to the recovery of the properties which had been taken over by Confederate sequestration agents.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1796-1825 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1826 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

1827 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

1828 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5-6

Folder 5

Folder 6

1829 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 5-6

Folder 7-9

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

1830 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 7-9

Folder 10-11

Folder 10

Folder 11

1831 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 10-11

Folder 12

1832 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

1833 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

1834 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15

1835 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16

1836 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 16

Folder 17

1837 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 17

Folder 18

1838 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 18

Folder 19

1839 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 19

Folder 20-21

Folder 20

Folder 21

1940 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 20-21

Folder 22

1841-1842 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 22

Folder 23

1843 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24

1844 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 24

Folder 25

1845 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 25

Folder 26

1846 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 26

Folder 27

1847 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 27

Folder 28

1848 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 28

Folder 29-30

Folder 29

Folder 30

1849 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 29-30

Folder 31

1850 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 31

Folder 32

1851 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 32

Folder 33-34

Folder 33

Folder 34

1853 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 33-34

Folder 35

1854 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 35

Folder 36-37

Folder 36

Folder 37

1855 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 36-37

Folder 38

1856 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 38

Folder 39

1857 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 39

Folder 40

1858 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 40

Folder 41

1859 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 41

Folder 42-43

Folder 42

Folder 43

1860 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 42-43

Folder 44

1861 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 44

Folder 45

1862-1865 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 45

Folder 46

1866 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 46

Folder 47-48

Folder 47

Folder 48

1867 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 47-48

Folder 49-50

Folder 49

Folder 50

1868 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 49-50

Folder 51

1869 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 51

Folder 52

1870 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 52

Folder 53

1871 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 53

Folder 54

1872 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 54

Folder 55

1873 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 55

Folder 56

1874-1875 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 56

Folder 57

1876 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 57

Folder 58

1877-1878 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 58

Folder 59

1879-1882 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 59

Folder 60

1883-1887 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 60

Folder 61

1888 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 61

Folder 62

1889 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 62

Folder 63

1890 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 63

Folder 64

1891-1893 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 64

Folder 65

1894 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 65

Folder 66

1895 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 66

Folder 67

1896-1899 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 67

Folder 68

1900-1909 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 68

Folder 69

Volume 1: Account book, Thomas B. Justice, 1838-1858 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 69

Folder 70

Volume 2: Account of deeds, Thomas B. Justice, 1854 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 70

Folder 71

Volume 3: Account book, Thomas B. Justice, 1850s #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 71

Folder 72

Volume 4: Surveyor reports, Thomas B. Justice, 1853-1855 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 72

Folder 73

Volume 5: Account book for mine improvements,Thomas B. Justice, 1853 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 73

Folder 74

Volume 6: Account book, Thomas B. Justice, 1853 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 74

Folder 75

Volume 7: Record book, Thomas B. Justice, land purchases #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 75

Folder 76

Volume 8: Memorandum book, James Stevens? and Arthur Bronson, 1828 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 76

Folder 76a

Undated items and fragments #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 76a

Folder 77

Volume 9: Record book, Rutherford County land sales, 1803-1828 #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 77

Legal Papers #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 77

Folder 78

Volume 10: Copy of Rutherford County land sales records #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 78

Folder 79

Volume 11: Lettercopy book, Thomas B. Justice, 1850s #02876, Series: "Speculation Land Company Records, 1796-1909 and undated." Folder 79

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, April 2009

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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