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Collection Number: 00705

Collection Title: Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 (bulk 1781-1782)

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size 1.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 390 items)
Abstract Jethro Sumner (1733?-1785) was a brigadier general in the Contintental Army. Sumner served in the Virginia militia, 1755-1761; was justice of the peace, 1768, and sheriff, 1772-1777, of Bute (now Warren) County, N.C.; and was colonel of the 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Continentals, 1776-1778, and brigadier-general 1779-1780. The collection contains Revolutionary War military correspondence of Continental Brigadier General Jethro Sumner. The bulk of the collection relates to the period 1781-1782, when Sumner was raising troops for General Nathanael Greene, whom he reinforced at the Battle of Eutaw Springs, and while he was in charge of forces in North Carolina. Letters are chiefly concerned with strategic matters including reports on engagements and the movement of British forces, procurement of arms and supplies, and issues of manpower including drafting of men and desertion. A few items pertain to his earlier service in the North. Among the correspondents are Martin Armstrong, Reading Blount, Thomas Burke, John B. Ashe, Baron Steuben, Alexander Martin, Benjamin Lincoln, Nathanael Greene, John Alexander Lillington, William Christmas, William R. Davie, Thomas Eaton, Joseph Hewes, Willie Jones, Nicholas Long, James Cole Mountflorence, Benjamin Seawell, H. Tatum, and Hugh Williamson.
Creator Sumner, Jethro, 1733?-1785.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Jethro Sumner Papers, #705, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from the North Carolina Historical Society, prior to 1940.
Additional Descriptive Resources
Original finding aid is filed in folder 1a.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Jethro Sumner (1733?-1785) was a brigadier general in the Contintental Army. Sumner served in the Virginia militia, 1755-1761; was justice of the peace, 1768, and sheriff, 1772-1777, of Bute (now Warren) County, N.C.; and was colonel of the 3rd Battalion, North Carolina Continentals, 1776-1778, and brigadier-general 1779-1780.

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The collection contains Revolutionary War military correspondence of Continental Brigadier General Jethro Sumner. The bulk of the collection relates to the period 1781-1782, when Sumner was raising troops for General Nathanael Greene, whom he reinforced at the Battle of Eutaw Springs, and while he was in charge of forces in North Carolina. Letters are chiefly concerned with strategic matters including reports on engagements and the movement of British forces, procurement of arms and supplies, and issues of manpower including drafting of men and desertion. A few items pertain to his earlier service in the North. Among the correspondents are Martin Armstrong, Reading Blount, Thomas Burke, John B. Ashe, Baron Steuben, Alexander Martin, Benjamin Lincoln, Nathanael Greene, John Alexander Lillington, William Christmas, William R. Davie, Thomas Eaton, Joseph Hewes, Willie Jones, Nicholas Long, James Cole Mountflorence, Benjamin Seawell, H. Tatum, and Hugh Williamson.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated.

Folder 1a

Original finding aid #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 1a

Folder 1

1775-1778 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 1

Folder 2

1779-1780 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 2

Folder 3

January-March 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 3

Folder 4

April 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 4

Folder 5

May 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 5

Folder 6

June 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 6

Folder 7

1-10 July 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 7

Folder 8

11-25 July 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 8

Folder 9

26-30 July 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 9

Folder 10

August 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 10

Folder 11

September-October 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 11

Folder 12

November-December 1781 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 12

Folder 13

January 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 13

Folder 14

1-15 February 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 14

Folder 15

16-28 February 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 15

Folder 16

March 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 16

Folder 17

April 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 17

Folder 18

May-June 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 18

Folder 19

July 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 19

Folder 20

August 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 20

Folder 21

September 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 21

Folder 22

October-November 1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 22

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-705/1

1782 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." OPF-705/1

Folder 23

1783-1797 #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 23

Folder 24

Undated #00705, Series: "Jethro Sumner Papers, 1775-1791 and undated." Folder 24

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, May 2009

Finding aid updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, June 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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