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Collection Number: 00710

Collection Title: Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1918 and undated.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size About 2350 items (3.5 linear feet)
Abstract Samuel McDowell Tate (1830-1897) was a Confederate colonel; president of the Western North Carolina Railroad after the Civil War, except when removed by Republicans; representative of Burke County, N.C., to the General Assembly, 1874-1884; bank examiner, 1886; state treasurer, 1893-1894; and longtime Democratic Party leader of western North Carolina. He married Jennie Pearson, daughter of R. C. Pearson, in 1866. The collection includes correspondence and other papers of Samuel McDowell Tate. Correspondence pertains chiefly to political and business matters relating to the affairs of the railroad, which was involved in corruption during Reconstruction. Tate's political correspondents included most of the Redeemer element of the state. Also included are papers and a volume relating to state bonds; telegraph lines; land speculation; marble, mica, and talc mining; state elections; Burke County schools; a proposed change in the judicial system; prohibition; Wilberforce College; and the Western Insane Asylum. Lastly, there is a small amount of military papers, including appointments and a pardon for enlisted men who had been arrested for being absent without leave; newspaper clippings; and ephemera. There are few Civil War items. The addition of January 2004 consists of correspondence and financial and legal documents. Letters are mainly addressed to Samuel McDowell Tate, but a few early and undated letters are addressed to his wife, Jennie Pearson. The majority of the letters relate to business, railroad, and political affairs. Financial and legal materials include account sheets, receipts, court documents, and deeds. Some early documents pertain to accounts for Tate's father-in-law, R. C. Pearson.
Creator Tate, Samuel McDowell, 1830-1897.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Provenance
Gift of the Misses Tate before 1940. Letterbook addition of 1944 was acquired at the same time as the original gift, but not listed in the original inventory. Addition of miscellaneous letters and telegrams in April 2001 purchased from Charles Apfelbaum (Acc. 98908). Addition of John Lockhart letter in January 2002 purchased from McGowan Book Company (Acc. 99154). Addition of miscellaneous letters and financial and legal materials in January 2004 purchased from Charles Apfelbaum (Acc. 99692).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Samuel McDowell Tate was born 6 September 1830, in Morganton, N.C. He served as colonel in the Confederate army. After the war, he was president of the Western North Carolina Railroad, except when removed by Republicans. From 1874 to 1886, Tate represented Burke County in the North Carolina General Assembly. He was appointed federal examiner of national banks in 1886 and state treasurer in 1893. Throughout the postwar period, Tate was a longtime leader of the Democratic party in western North Carolina. He married Jennie Pearson, daughter of R. C. Pearson, in 1866. He died in 1897.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Correspondence and other papers of Samuel McDowell Tate. The collection consists chiefly of political and business correspondence relating to the affairs of the Western North Carolina Railroad, which was involved in corruption during Reconstruction. Tate's political correspondents included most of the Redeemer element of the state. Also included are papers and a volume relating to state bonds; telegraph lines; land speculation; marble, mica, and talc mining; state elections; Burke County, N.C., schools; a proposed change in the judicial system; prohibition; Wilberforce College; and the Western Insane Asylum. There is also a small amount of military papers, including appointments and a pardon for enlisted men who had been arrested for being absent without leave; newspaper clippings; and ephemera. There are few Civil War items. Addition of January 2004 materials consist of correspondence and financial and legal documents. Letters are mainly addressed to Samuel McDowell Tate, but a few early and undated letters are addressed to his wife, Jennie Pearson. The majority of the letters relate to business, railroad, and political affairs. Financial and legal materials include account sheets, receipts, court documents, and deeds. Some early documents pertain to accounts for Tate's father-in-law, R. C. Pearson.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896.

About 2000 items (3.0 linear feet).

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondence and other papers of Samuel McDowell Tate. Correspondence spans 1859 to 1896, but the bulk is dated 1868 through 1889. The collection consists chiefly of political and business correspondence relating to the affairs of the Western North Carolina Railroad, which was involved in corruption during Reconstruction. Tate's political correspondents included most of the Redeemer element of the state. Also included are papers and a volume relating to state bonds; telegraph lines; land speculation; marble, mica, and talc mining; state elections; Burke County, N.C., schools; a proposed change in the judicial system; prohibition; Wilberforce College; and the Western Insane Asylum. Papers before 1859 consist entirely of bills and receipts. There is also a small amount of military papers, including appointments and a pardon for enlisted men who had been arrested for being absent without leave; newspaper clippings; and ephemera. There are few Civil War items.

Box 1

Correspondence, 1859-1875 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 1

Box 2

Correspondence, 1876-1882 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 2

Box 3

Correspondence, 1883-1884 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 3

Box 4

Correspondence, 1885-1887 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 4

Box 5

Correspondence, 1888-1889 and undated #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 5

Volume 1: letterbook, 1868-1896 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 5

Bills and receipts, 1810-1868 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 5

Box 6

Bills and receipts, 1870-1889 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 6

Military papers, 1861-1865 #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 6

Newspaper clippings and ephemera #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 6

Volume 2: mining reports #00710, Series: "Samuel McDowell Tate Papers, 1810-1896." Box 6

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of January 2004 (Acc. 99692), 1845-1918 and undated.

About 350 items.

Arrangement: by type.

Correspondence and financial and legal documents. Letters are mainly addressed to Samuel McDowell Tate, but a few early and undated letters are addressed to his wife, Jennie Pearson. The majority of the letters relate to business, railroad, and political affairs. Financial and legal materials include account sheets, receipts, court documents, and deeds. Some early documents pertain to accounts for Tate's father-in-law, R. C. Pearson.

Box 7

Correspondence, 1856-1897 and undated #00710, Series: "Addition of January 2004 (Acc. 99692), 1845-1918 and undated." Box 7

Financial and legal materials, 1845-1893 and undated #00710, Series: "Addition of January 2004 (Acc. 99692), 1845-1918 and undated." Box 7

Other papers, 1849-1918 and undated #00710, Series: "Addition of January 2004 (Acc. 99692), 1845-1918 and undated." Box 7

Envelopes and other papers. The relation between these papers and other materials in the collection is unclear.

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Processing Information

This collection was rehoused with support from a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.

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