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Collection Number: 02901

Collection Title: Tillman and Norwood Ledgers, 1859-1868

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.

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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2 items)
Abstract James A. Tillman and John Norwood were physicians of Crawford, Russell County, Ala., who, in 1860-1862, appear to have shared a practice, called Tillman and Norwood. The collection is two ledgers relating to the medical practice of Norwood and Tillman. Volume 1 (126 p.) contains entries about Norwood's practice, 1859-1866, with only a few entries for 1860-1862, the period during which he appears to have shared a practice with Tillman. Volume 2 (398 p.) contains Tillman and Norwood entries, 1860-1862, and Norwood entries, 1866- 1868, when the partnership seems to have been dissolved. Entries in both ledgers show dats of treatment and payment received, and, before and after the Civil War, notes of which patients were Black. Many entries, especially in Volume 1, consist only of "advice and medicine for self." Other entries, however, list the patient's complaint and the treatment rendered. Tillman and Norwood typically dressed wounds, delivered babies, lanced fingers, and prescribed morphine, quinine, and laudanum. Tooth extraction was also an important part of their practice; an entry on 26 August 1860 shows that Tillman was paid in whisky for "nicking [sic] out two teeth with a hammer and nail."
Creator Tillman and Norwood.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Tillman and Norwood Ledgers #2901, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is available on microfilm from University Publications of America as part of the Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Edith Kyle Harrison of Columbus, Georgia, in September 1952.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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The collection is two ledgers relating to the medical practice of Norwood and Tillman. Volume 1 (126 p.) contains entries about Norwood's practice, 1859-1866, with only a few entries for 1860-1862, the period during which he appears to have shared a practice with Tillman. Volume 2 (398 p.) contains Tillman and Norwood entries, 1860-1862, and Norwood entries, 1866- 1868, when the partnership seems to have been dissolved. Entries in both ledgers show dats of treatment and payment received, and, before and after the Civil War, notes of which patients were Black. Many entries, especially in Volume 1, consist only of "advice and medicine for self." Other entries, however, list the patient's complaint and the treatment rendered. Tillman and Norwood typically dressed wounds, delivered babies, lanced fingers, and prescribed morphine, quinine, and laudanum. Tooth extraction was also an important part of their practice; an entry on 26 August 1860 shows that Tillman was paid in whisky for "nicking [sic] out two teeth with a hammer and nail."

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Contents list

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Processing Information

Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, May 1991

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, January 2010

This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.

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