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Collection Number: 05334-z

Collection Title: United Service Organizations (U.S.) Service Club (Jacksonville, N.C.) Visitor Book, 1945-1947

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


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Size 1 items
Abstract The USO (United Service Organizations) is a nonprofit organization, formed as a response to a 1941 request from President Franklin D. Roosevelt that private organizations handle the on-leave recreation of the armed forces. Throughout World War II, USO clubs served as a "home away from home" for American G.I.s, and as an important focal point for community involvement in the war effort. The Newberry Street USO in Jacksonville, N.C., was established on 23 April 1942 and served the first African American Marines. The visitor book is a loose leaf binder with a hand-drawn cover labeled "What Do You Think About Our USO Club? Property of the Newberry Street USO Jacksonville, N.C., Mr. J.W. Joyner, Director." There are approximately 80 pages of messages and sketches, the majority of which date from 1945 to 1946 and are notes of thanks and encouragement to the USO's director, J. W. Joyner, and his staff. All messages but one are hand written. Most of messages are from Marines, although there are also a few from Marines' family members and one typed message from the wife of the relief director of the national USO; many include rank and current or future postal addresses and some mention what the men hoped to do after leaving the service.
Creator United Service Organizations (U.S). Service Club (Jacksonville, N.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the United Service Organizations (U.S.) Service Club (Jacksonville, N.C.) Visitor Book #5334, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from Rinda Estes of Pittsboro, N.C., in June 2007 (Acc. 100694).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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The USO (United Service Organizations) is a nonprofit organization, formed in 1942 by various civilian organizations in response to a 1941 request from President Franklin D. Roosevelt that private organizations handle the on-leave recreation of the armed forces. Throughout World War II, USO clubs served as a "home away from home" for American G.I.s. They also served as an important focal point for community involvement in the war effort. The Newberry Street USO in Jacksonville, N.C., served the first African American Marines in the United States; the Newberry Club was established 23 April 1942. Through a presidential directive in 1942, Roosevelt authorized African Americans to enter the United States Marine Corps for the first time. However, instead of being integrated into the traditional Marine camps, African American Marines were segregated to Montford Point, a facility at Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, N.C. Between 1942 and 1947 approximately 20,000 African American soldiers trained at Montford Point.

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The United Service Organizations (U.S.) Service Club visitor book from the Newberry Street USO in Jacksonville, N.C., is a loose leaf binder with a hand-drawn cover labeled "What Do You Think About Our USO Club? Property of the Newberry Street USO Jacksonville, N.C., Mr. J.W. Joyner, Director." There are approximately 80 pages of messages and sketches, the majority of which date from 1945 to 1946 and are notes of thanks and encouragement to the USO's director, J. W. Joyner, and his staff. All messages but one are hand written. Most of messages are from Marines, although there are also a few from Marines' family members and one typed message from the wife of the relief director of the national USO; many include rank and current or future postal addresses and some mention what the men hoped to do after leaving the service.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Visitor Book, 1945-1947.

1 item.

Arrangement: chronological.

Folder 1

Visitor book #05334-z, Series: "Visitor Book, 1945-1947." Folder 1

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Processing Information

Processed by: Joyce Chapman, September 2007

Encoded by: Joyce Chapman, September 2007

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