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Collection Number: 04823-z

Collection Title: 14th Colored Infantry Regiment, United States Army, Sutler's Ledger, 1864-1866

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid and microfilming of this collection.

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Size 2 items
Abstract The 14th Infantry Regiment of United States Colored Troops was organized at Gallatin, Tenn., in 1863. The regiment marched to the relief of Dalton, Ga.; was at the siege of Decatur, Ala.; fought in the battle of Nashville; and served at Chattanooga and in the District of Eastern Tennessee before being mustered out at Greenville in March 1866. Its commanding officers were Brevet Brigadier Generals Thomas J. Morgan (1839-1902) and Henry Clarke Corbin (1842-1909). This account book was kept by Cornelius Ferris, sutler of the 14th Regiment of the United States Colored Troops Infantry between September 1864 and April 1866, ending shortly after the regiment was mustered out. The 369-page ledger begins with an alphabetical list of people who had accounts with him and their military ranks. The rest of the book is organized into lists under each person's name of items purchased, cost, and date purchased. Also shown is the date and amount the customer paid to balance the account. Several people listed at the end of the book worked for Ferris as cooks; the amount they earned appears along with the record of their purchases. There is also a "mess account." The ledger lists such purchases as cans of peaches and other fruit, items of clothing, writing paper, spelling books, guns, and circus tickets. On the last page is a three-item list of "books borrowed." Also included is an enclosed sheet with calculations.
Creator United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 14th (1863-1866).
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 14th. Sutler's Ledger #4823-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy (filmed June 2005) available.
  • Reel 1: Entire collection
Acquisitions Information
Purchased from Carmen D. Valentino, dealer in Rare Books and Manuscripts, Philadelphia, Pa., in August 1996 (Acc. 96122).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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The 14th Infantry Regiment of United States Colored Troops was organized at Gallatin, Tenn., in 1863. The regiment marched to the relief of Dalton, Ga.; was at the siege of Decatur, Ala.; fought in the battle of Nashville; and served at Chattanooga and in the District of Eastern Tennessee before being mustered out at Greenville in March 1866. Its commanding officers were Brevet Brigadier Generals Thomas J. Morgan (1839-1902) and Henry Clarke Corbin (1842-1909).

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This account book was kept by Cornelius Ferris, sutler of the 14th Regiment of the United States Colored Troops Infantry (14th Colored Infantry Regiment) between September 1864 and April 1866, ending shortly after the regiment was mustered out. The 369-page ledger begins with an alphabetical list of people who had accounts with him and their military ranks. The rest of the book is organized into lists under each person's name of items purchased, cost, and date. Also shown for each is the date and amount the customer paid to balance the account. Several people listed at the end of the book worked for Ferris as cooks; the amount they earned appears along with the record of their purchases. There is a "mess account" on pages 189 through 191. The ledger lists such purchases as cans of peaches and other fruit, items of clothing, writing paper, spelling books, guns, and circus tickets. On the last page is a three-item list of "books borrowed." Also included is an enclosed sheet with calculations.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Sutler's ledger, September 1864-April 1866.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Meg Phillips, October 1996

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, May 2005

Funding from the Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc., supported the encoding of this finding aid and microfilming of this collection.

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