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Collection Number: 03892-z

Collection Title: Paul J. Vanderwood Papers on the Delta Cooperative Farm, 1938-1964

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the section for more information.


This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

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Size About 20 items.
Abstract The Delta Cooperative Farm of Rochdale, Miss., was a philanthropically supported endeavor founded in 1936 to help southern agricultural labrorers out of their economic plight. Interracial efforts on the farm were primarily interested in establishing economic equality between African Americans and whites who worked together for equal wages. The collection contains material related to Delta Cooperative Farm collected by Paul J. Vanderwood, journalist for the Memphis, Tenn., Press-Scimitar including articles, clippings, and other items; notes made by Vanderwood; and letters, 1964, to Vanderwood from David R. Minter, physician and head of the Delta Cooperative Farm medical clinic, and Constance Rumbough recounting in some detail their experiences as workers at the farm in the 1930s.
Creator Vanderwood, Paul J.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Paul J. Vanderwood Papers on the Delta Cooperative Farm, #3892-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Gift 1965
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Delta and Providence Cooperative Farms Papers (#3474), Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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Delta Cooperative Farm, started in 1936 in the community of Hillhouse (later called Rochdale) in Bolivar County, Miss., was an attempt by a philanthropically supported corporation, Cooperative Farms, Inc., to help southern agricultural laborers out of their economic plight. Delta Cooperative Farm was founded by missionary evangelist and author Sherwood Eddy, who served as secretary-treasurer, and Reverend Sam H. Franklin, director, 1936-1943. In addition to Franklin and Eddy, the original board of trustees included theologian Reinhold Niebuhr; John Rust, inventor of the cotton picking machine; and Professor William R. Amberson. Later trustees included Blaine Treadway, Charles S. Johnson, Arthur Raper, and Frederick Patterson. Most of the first member families on the farm were sharecroppers who lost work following the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933; many were also refugees from East Arkansas who were evicted during a strike in the mid-1930s. Interracial efforts on the farm primarily focused on establishing economic equality, as whites and African Americans worked together and were to be paid equally depending upon the amount and quality of work done. The medical clinic at Delta Cooperative Farm was run by physician David R. Minter.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection contains material related to Delta Cooperative Farm collected by Paul J. Vanderwood, journalist for the Memphis, Tenn., Press-Scimitar including articles, clippings, and other items; notes made by Vanderwood; and letters, 1964, to Vanderwood from David R. Minter, physician and head of the Delta Cooperative Farm medical clinic, and Constance Rumbough recounting in some detail their experiences as workers at the farm in the 1930s.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Paul J. Vanderwood Papers on the Delta Cooperative Farm, 1938-1964.

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Processing Information

Processed by: SHC Staff

Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007

Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, June 2010

This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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