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Collection Number: 04192

Collection Title: William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


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Size 0.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 250 items)
Abstract Vaughan researched and wrote local history and life histories, 1930-1939, with the Federal Writers' Project in Beaufort County, N.C. Correspondence and other papers relating to Vaughan's work with the Federal Writers' Project. Most correspondence is with George L. Andrews, assistant state director of the Federal Writers' Project. Other papers include material collected and written about Beaufort County history, sample life histories given to Vaughan as examples, a life history of a minister by Vaughan, and biographical and autobiographical material of Vaughan dealing with his Federal Writers' Project experience and other matters.
Creator Vaughan, William Le Roy, 1880-1956.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the William Le Roy Vaughan Papers #4192, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Virginia Vaughan Mallory of Richmond, Virginia, in July 1979.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

William Le Roy Vaughan was born 29 January 1880 in Halifax County, North Carolina, the sixth child of Martha Gray and William Thomas Vaughan. Both Vaughan and his older brother received their bachelor's (1902) and master's (1906) degrees from Wake Forest College. They were both admitted to the North Carolina Bar in 1907.

After working briefly at Wake Forest as an instructor and then as an editorial assistant on a Halifax county newspaper, William Vaughan established a law office in Washington, North Carolina, in 1908. While in Washington, he served as superintendent of Beaufort County Schools, 1909-1913; judge of Recorder's Court, 1914-1916; and legal council for the Beaufort County Land Company, 1916-1919. From 1919 to 1933, he confined his professional activities to his legal practice.

In 1911, Vaughan married Carrie Simmons, the daughter of another Washington lawyer. She died in February 1920 while bearing her fifth child.

Vaughan lost the use of his legs and right arm in May 1933 in an automobile accident in which one of his children was killed. Vaughan remained an invalid until 1938, when he began work as an interviewer for the Federal Writers' Project, responsible for collecting information on the history of Beaufort County. After the termination of the project, he worked as a Gallup poll-taker and later as customs officer for Washington, North Carolina.

In 1947, Vaughan left Washington to live with his daughter. He died in February 1956.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Vaughan's papers center around his activities with the Federal Writers' Project. Materials consist chiefly of correspondence with George L. Andrews, assistant state director of the Federal Writers' Project for North Carolina, and with others who were chiefly sources of information about Beaufort County; data on Beaufort County he collected from numerous public and private sources; and the finished accounts that he submitted to Andrews.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979.

Folder 1

Correspondence, August-September 1938 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 1

Folder 2

Correspondence, October-December 1938 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 2

Folder 3

Correspondence, January 1939 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 3

Folder 4

Correspondence, February-April 1939 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 4

Folder 5

Beaufort County Place Names #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 5

Information collected by Vaughan and correspondence with Andrews relating to communities in Beaufort County.

Folder 6

Beaufort County History, 3 April 1939 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 6

Written by Vaughan, submitted to Andrews, with cover letter. 65 pp.

Folder 7

County Historical Data #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 7

Clippings, correspondence, maps, typed notes, and other material collected by Vaughan.

Folder 8

"The Rev. J. R. Everett," a Federal Writers' Project life history by Vaughan, 19 pages, with cover letter, 31 January 1939 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 8

Folder 9

"My Own Story," 24 February 1938 #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 9

Autobiographical Federal Writers' Project life history by Vaughan, with cover letter; also a biographical sketch, 1979, of Vaughan by Virginia Mallory, his daughter, and some other biographical material. 31 pp.

Folder 10

"A Double Tragedy" #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 10

Written by Vaughan about the 1933 automobile accident. Ca. 15 pp.

Folder 11

Sample life histories by Ida Moore #04192, Series: "William Le Roy Vaughan Papers, 1938-1979." Folder 11

Copies given to Vaughan as examples.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Mark Beasley, July 1987

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, January 2010

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