The SHC's curators have always sought materials documenting the religious lives of southerners. These materials have included papers of ministers, missionaries, and congregations and other religious organizations, as well as those of individual laypersons, documenting efforts to evangelize, improve the lives of individuals and groups, and simply to live according to religious principles. The broad spectrum of Christian denominations are represented, especially Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, and Episcopalians. Southern Jewish life and culture has become an intentional collecting focus in recent years, spurred by the sustained growth of the Carolina Center for Jewish Studies.
The SHC seeks substantive documentation of religion in the lives of southerners. This is usually in the form of correspondence, diaries and other original records of individual lives, or records of organizations founded on religious principles. Records of congregations geographically close to the University will be considered.