||T.T. Martin, a Baptist preacher in Kentucky publishes
articles demanding the resignation of Wake Forest president William
L. Poteat because of Poteat's open acceptance of the theory of
|January 23, 1924
||North Carolina Governor Cameron Morrison
announces that he is opposed to state schools using any textbook that
"prints a picture of a monkey and a man
on the same page." Two of the six biology textbooks recommended by
the state Text Book Commission are rejected by the State Board of Education,
with the Governor's support, because the books discuss evolution.
|January 8, 1925
||D. Scott Poole, legislator representing
Hoke County, introduces a resolution opposed
to the teaching of evolution in state-supported schools in North Carolina.
The resolution is referred to the Education Committee for review.
|February 10, 1925
||The House Committee on Education holds
hearing to discuss the Poole resolution. With the committee deadlocked,
Chairman Henry Groves Connor casts the deciding vote, resulting in the bill's
being returned to the House with an unfavorable report.
|February 19, 1925
||After a contentious debate that ranges over three legislative sessions,
the full House votes on the Poole anti-evolution resolution, defeating it by a vote of 67-46.
||In Dayton, Tennessee, the case of State v. John Scopes is tried.
Known commonly as the Scopes "Monkey Trial," which challenged Tennessee's
law against teaching evolution in public schools, the case brings national
attention to the evolution debate. Some of the anti-evolutionists who were
active in Tennessee vow to take the fight to North Carolina next.
||Anti-evolutionists promise to re-introduce a bill prohibiting
the teaching of evolution in North Carolina schools during the next
legislative session. The debate continues throughout the year in newspapers
and other publications.
||As the Democratic primaries near, the subject of teaching evolution
in the schools is a central issue in many campaigns.
|April 28, 1926
||T.T. Martin, an active participant in
both the Bible Crusaders of America and the Anti-Evolution League of America,
arrives in Charlotte with plans to travel the state lobbying for an anti-evolution
bill to be introduced at the next legislative session.
|May 4, 1926
||Three hundred anti-evolutionists gather for a rally
in Charlotte, reaffirming the commitment of the "Committee
of One Hundred" to the prohibition of teaching evolution in North
Carolina's public schools.
|May 12, 1926
||The Anti-Evolution League of North Carolina, a branch of the
League of America, is formed.
|June 5, 1926
||In statewide Democratic primaries, several candidates running on
"anti-Poole bill" platforms are victorious.
|December 9, 1926
||The Committee of One Hundred changes its name to the North Carolina Bible
||When the General Assembly convenes, the North
Carolina Bible League presents petitions with over 10,000 names supporting
an anti-evolution measure.
|February 10, 1927
||The House Committee on Education debates the new
anti-evolution bill, which was written by the North Carolina Bible
League and introduced by Representative D. Scott Poole.
|February 15, 1927
||The House Committee on Education votes 25-11 to return the Poole bill
with an unfavorable report. Sensing that there is not enough support in
the legislature to pass the bill, supporters decide not to send it forward
to the full House for a vote.