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Collection Number: P0009

Collection Title: Tintype Collection, circa 1856-1900

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This collection has use restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Image from the collection

Tintype depicting Henry Speck Harris (1837-1863) seated for portrait. Harris was a member of the Flat River Guard Company B, 6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; P0009/0016, in the Tintype Collection (P0009), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


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Size 19 tintypes (5.5 linear feet in 7 oversized boxes)
Abstract Tintypes were in production from the late 1850s into the early 1900s. This format (also known as a ferrotype) was invented in the United Sates by Hamilton L. Smith in 1856. The process by which the images were developed was based on the "wet collodion" process used to produce ambrotypes. The process was quick and cheap, when compared to ambrotypes, and was extremely popular from 1856 till they fell out of use in the early 1900s. The Tintype Collection contains 19 images taken of individuals seated or standing for portraits, circa 1856-1900. Individuals appearing in the images have been identified whenever possible. Known individuals are listed as subject access points, as are identified locations. Few of the images remain in their original paper encasements due to their fragility. Included are an images of the Carroll family of Danbury, N.C.; a slave referred to as "Uncle Caesar," who was owned by the Roulhac family of Hillsborough, N.C.; graduation marshals at the University of North Carolina in 1861; and Henry Speck Harris (1837-1863) of the "Flat River Guard" Company B, 6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
The items in this collection are extremely fragile due to their age, the materials used to make them, and the fact that they are all unique originals. Tintypes have no equivalent of a negative and cannot be physically reproduced. Researchers may be presented with a digital copy instead of original materials if the Photographic Archivist has determined the original should not be handled.
Restrictions to Use
No image in this collection may be reproduced without the permission and consent of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Restrictions to Use
These items are not covered by copyright and are in the public domain.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], Tintype Collection (P0009), year image was made [when known], North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library.
Acquisitions Information
The items in this collection came to the North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives from a number of different and unrelated sources. Items in the first series came to the North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives from the Carroll family of Danbury, N.C., in 1996. Items in the second serie came to the North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives from unrelated donors.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

Tintypes (also known as ferrotypes) were a popular format invented in the United Sates by Hamilton L. Smith in 1856. The process by which the images were developed was based on the "wet collodion" process used to produce ambrotypes. Instead of glass, the base of the tintype is a sheet of iron that has been treated with a dark lacquer, which is then coated with an iodized collodion solution and a light sensitive silver solution. It is exposed to light in the camera and captures an image that becomes visible after further processing. The process was quick and cheap and as a result tintypes were extremely popular. The images were commonly left unframed so that they could be inserted in paper sleeves or mattes. The encased images were often inserted into albums, books, or displayed "as is." This format was in use from 1856 into the early 1900s.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Tintype Collection contains 19 images taken of individuals seated or standing for portraits, circa 1856-1900. Individuals appearing in the images have been identified whenever possible. Known individuals are listed as subject access points, as are identified locations. Most of the tintypes are no longer encased. Included are images of the Carroll family of Danbury, N.C.; a slave referred to as "Uncle Caesar," who was owned by the Roulhac family of Hillsborough, N.C.; graduation marshals at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C., in 1861; and Henry Speck Harris (1837-1863) of the "Flat River Guard" Company B, 6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.

Tintypes are often described using the following terms:

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900.

5 tintypes.

Arrangement: Accession number.

Includes images of members of the Carroll family of Danbury, N.C.

Special Format Box 1

Special Format Image P0009/0001

D.V. Carroll and "Uncle Gaston" (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 1, Sfimage P0009/0001

Encased in original paper sleeve; Photographer: J.M. Tesh of Danbury, N.C.; acession number: 14836.

Special Format Box 1

Special Format Image P0009/0002

D.V. Carroll (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 1, Sfimage P0009/0002

Not in enclosure; accession number: 14839.

Special Format Box 1

Special Format Image P0009/0003

"Uncle Tot Carroll" (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 1, Sfimage P0009/0003

Not in enclosure; accession number: 14840.

Special Format Box 1

Special Format Image P0009/0004

H.R. and M.J. Carroll (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 1, Sfimage P0009/0004

Not in enclosure; accession number: 14842.

Special Format Box 1

Special Format Image P0009/0005

Ellen Josephine Carroll (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "1. Tintypes: From the Carroll Family, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 1, Sfimage P0009/0005

Not in enclosure; accession number: 14844.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900.

13 tintypes.

Arrangement: Accession number.

Includes an image of a slave known as "Uncle Cesar," who was owned by the Roulhac family of Hillsborough, N.C.; University of North Carolina graduation marshalls in 1861; and a Civil War-era image of Henry Speck Harris of the 6th North Carolina Infantry Regiment.

Special Format Box 2

Special Format Image P0009/0006

"Uncle Cesar" (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 2, Sfimage P0009/0006

"Uncle Cesar" was a slave owned by Mrs. J.B.G. Roulhac of Hillsborough, N.C.; encased in original paper sleeve; accession number: x136.

Special Format Box 2

Special Format Image P0009/0007

B. Bonner (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 2, Sfimage P0009/0007

Color image; taken in Grassy Ford(?), N.C.; not in enclosure; accession number: 14516.

Special Format Box 2

Special Format Image P0009/0008

C.L. Partzel (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 2, Sfimage P0009/0008

Not in enclosure; accession number: 29011.

Special Format Box 2

Special Format Image P0009/0009

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduation Marshalls, 1861 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 2, Sfimage P0009/0009

Not in enclosure; accession number: 30828.

Special Format Box 3

Special Format Image P0009/0010

Miss Mary Farlow (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 3, Sfimage P0009/0010

Encased in original paper sleeve; accession number: 10699.

Special Format Box 3

Special Format Image P0009/0011

Unidentified man (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 3, Sfimage P0009/0011

Not in enclosure; photographer: W.A. Johnston; accession number: 31080.

Special Format Box 3

Special Format Image P0009/0012

Carrie A. Aycock (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 3, Sfimage P0009/0012

Print made from original; original missing as of 5/28/96.

Special Format Box 3

Special Format Image P0009/0013

Unidentified man (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 3, Sfimage P0009/0013

Not in enclosure.

Special Format Box 3

Special Format Image P0009/0014

Two unidentified women (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 3, Sfimage P0009/0014

Not in enclosure.

Special Format Box 4

Special Format Image P0009/0015

John Berry (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 4, Sfimage P0009/0015

Berry lived in Hillsborough, N.C.; encased whole plate; accession number.

Special Format Box 5

Special Format Image P0009/0016

Henry Speck Harris (1837-1863) (portrait), circa 1860-1863 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 5, Sfimage P0009/0016

Member of "Flat River Guard" Company B, 6th North Carolina Regiment; encased; accession number: 30534-5; From the Harris Family Papers (879), Southern Historical Collection.

Special Format Box 5

Special Format Image P0009/0017

James Henry Lane (1814-1866) (portrait), circa 1856-1866 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 5, Sfimage P0009/0017

Riginal is on dsiplay in NCCPA exhibit case; accession number: 30534-5.

Special Format Box 5

Special Format Image P0009/0018

Unidentified woman (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 5, Sfimage P0009/0018

Not in enclosure.

Special Format Box 5

Special Format Image P0009/0019

Unidentified woman holding book (portrait), circa 1856-1900 #P0009, Series: "2. Tintypes: Various Donors, circa 1856-1900." Sfbox 5, Sfimage P0009/0019

Not in enclosure.

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Processing Information

Processed by: North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, 1997 and 2011

Encoded by: Patrick Cullom, January 2011

Donors have been identified when known, and materials received from the same donor have been grouped together.

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