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Collection Number: P0072

Collection Title: Commercial Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.) Collection of North Carolina Photographs, circa 1923-1939

This collection has use restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the FAQ section for more information.


Image from the collection

Columbus County: Strawberries: "Packing strawberries"; P0072_0012_X9440, in the Commercial Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.) Photographic Collection (P0072), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


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Size About 50 images (0.5 linear feet in 1 box)
Abstract The Commercial Museum, located in Philadelphia, Pa., was in operation from 1897 to 2010. Modeled after the great exhibition halls of the World's Fairs (World Fair, Universal Exposition) of the late nineteenth century, the Museum offered a vast selection of displays and information related to commerce and trade in Pennsylvania, across the United Sates, and the international marketplace. The Museum maintained a large collection of photographs documenting a variety of industries, agriculture, and trade in many areas of the United States. These images were marketed for use in publications around the United States and the world. The images, circa 1923-1939, document agriculture and industry in Alamance, Anson, Cabarrus, Catawba, Cleveland, Gaston, Halifax, Moore, Sampson, Wayne, and Wilson counties in North Carolina. A few towns are also identified. Subjects include cotton, farming, lumber, pottery, and tobacco. Also included is a small selection of images documenting agriculture and industry in unknown locations around North Carolina.
Creator Commercial Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.)
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
For copyright and use restrictions contact the North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Commercial Museum (Philadelphia, Pa.) Collection of North Carolina Photographs (P0072), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
The materials were donated by the Pennsylvania Historical Commission to the North Carolina Collection in the 1960s.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

The Commercial Museum was established in 1897 by Dr. William P. Wilson in Philadelphia, Pa. Modeled after the great exhibition halls that became a trademark of the World's Fairs (World Fair, Universal Exposition) during the late nineteenth century, the Museum offered a large selection of displays and information related to commerce and trade in Pennsylvania, across the United Sates, and in the international marketplace. The Museum maintained a large collection of photographs documenting various aspects of industries, agriculture, and trade across United States, which were made availible for a fee. After remaining in operation for more than a century, the Commercial Museum offically closed its doors in 2010.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The images, circa 1923-1939, document agriculture and industry in Alamance, Anson, Cabarrus, Catawba, Cleveland, Gaston, Halifax, Moore, Sampson, Wayne, and Wilson counties in North Carolina. A few towns are also identified. Subjects include cotton, farming, lumber, pottery, and tobacco. Also included is a small selection of images documenting agriculture and industry in unknown locations around North Carolina.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939.

41 items.

Arrangement: County/Subject.

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0001

Alamance County: Tobacco Production, circa 1923 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0001

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

2 images

Written on back of images: "Bringing tobacco to the farm," "Unloading tobacco at a curing farm, Alamance County."; P1-1-T628 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0002

Anson County: Alfalfa Hay, circa 1923 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0002

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

P1-4-A385 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0003

Anson County: Dewberries, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0003

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

P1-4-D515 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0004

Anson County: Houses, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0004

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

P1-4-H842 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0005

Cabarrus County: Kannapolis: Cannon Manufacturing, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0005

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "Biggest towel factory in the world."

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0006

Catawba County: Blackburn: Ritchie Pottery, circa 1935 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0006

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

3 images

Written on front of images: "Grinding clay, Ritchie Pottery, Blackburn N.C.," "Pots drying, Ritchie Pottery, Blackburn N.C.,"; P1-18-B62-R598p (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0007

Catawba County: Hickory: Hilton Pottery, circa 1935 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0007

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

2 images

Written on front of images: "Kilns, Hilton Pottery, Hickory N.C." and "Potter at kick wheel, Hilton Pottery, Hickory N.C."; P1-18-B62-H656p (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0008

Catawba County: Mountain Island Dam and Hydroelectric Station, circa 1926 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0008

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

6 images

Written on back of images: "Views of new power lines and construction of spillway"; P1-18-M928i-D154 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0009

Cleveland County: Cotton, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0009

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

3 images

Written on back of images: "Pitching cotton," "Bringing cotton to warehouse," and "Dusting for boll weevil"; P1-23-C851 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0010

Cleveland County: Potatoes, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0010

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "Digging sweet potatoes"; P1-23-P859 (Cotten Cutter); USDA symbol on image.

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0011

Cleveland County: Waco: Hog Farms, circa 1926 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0011

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

2 images

Written on back of images: "Hogs grazing on farm of M.S. Bean"; P1-23-W11-S978 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0012

Columbus County: Strawberries, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0012

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "Packing strawberries"; P1-24-S913 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0013

Gaston County: Cotton, circa 1926 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0013

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

4 images

Written on back of images: "Cotton field with sorghum behind," "Worker's bungalow, cotton mill village," "R.M. Schiels in cotton field," and "Negro cotton pickers"; P1-36-C851 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0014

Halifax County: Halifax: Houses, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0014

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "North Carolina Peanut Farming--Peanut Field and Negro home near Haliffax"; P1-42-H17-H842 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0015

Moore County: Jugtown: Ben Owen Pottery Plant, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0015

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0016

Sampson County: Turpentine, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0016

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

5 images

Written on back of images: "Pulling or chipping bark for turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Hacking the bark of tree for turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Scraping or gathering hard turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Carrying crude turpentine in bucket, Sampson County, N.C.," "Emptying crude turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.,"; P1-82-T957 (Cotten Cutter); USDA Forest Service notice.

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0017

Sampson County: Turpentine, #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0017

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

6 images

Written on back of images: "Dripping crude turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Chipping or pullingfor turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Dripping crude turpentine, Sampson County, N.C.," "Hauling rosin to packing landing, Sampson County, N.C.," "Turpentine still, Sampson County, N.C.,"; P1-82-T957 (Cotten Cutter); USDA Forest Service notice.

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0018

Wayne County: Cotton, circa 1926 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0018

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "Father and Son Learn Together: Edward Davis, cotton Club Boy, his father and County Agent Robertson of Wayne County, N.C., studying a good stalk of cotton in Edward's club acre."; P1-96-C851 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0019

Wilson County: Wilson: Tobacco Production, circa 1926 #P0072, Series: "1. North Carolina Counties, circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0019

Black-and-White Photographic Prints

7 images

Written on front of images: "Boy with bundle of tobacco, Wilson, N.C.," "Galvenized iron tobacco farm, Wilson, N.C.," "Tobacco for sale in auction warehouse, Wilson, N.C.," "Tobacco field, Wilson, N.C.," "Preparing tobacco for drying, Wilson, N.C.," "Tobacco Industry: As the tobacco comes from the redryer it is taken from the sticks and packed into wooden boxes for shipment." "Tobacco market, Wilson, N.C.,"P1-98-W74-T628h (Cotten Cutter).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939.

9 items.

Arrangement: Subject.

The materials in this series are arranged by suject.

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0020

North Carolina: Cotton, #P0072, Series: "2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0020

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Written on back of images: "Weighing his seed cotton, N.C."

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0021

North Carolina: Hobblebush (Scientific name: Viburnum alnifolium), #P0072, Series: "2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0021

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

P3-H682 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0022

North Carolina: Lumbering, #P0072, Series: "2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0022

Black-and-White Photographic Print

3 images

Written on back of images: "Skidding and loading logs, North Carolina," "Skidding tongs, grasping log in centre, raise it, swing it into place and lower in car, North Carolina," "At work in Poplar Forrest, North Carolina," Skidding tongs, grasping log in centre, raise it, swing it into place and lower in carP3-L957 (Cotten Cutter).

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0023

North Carolina: Lumbering, #P0072, Series: "2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0023

Black-and-White Photographic Print

3 images

Includes caption on back: "Hauling oak and (?) logs in Western North Carolina," "Lumbering in Western N. Carolina," "Tractor hauling lumber in Western N. Carolina"

Print Box 1

Black and White Photographic Print P0072/0024

North Carolina: Sandhill region: Peach Orchard, #P0072, Series: "2. North Carolina (location unknown), circa 1923-1939." Printbox 1, Bwpprint P0072/0024

Black-and-White Photographic Print

1 image

Includes caption on back: "Two year old peach orchard, typical of those grown in the Sandhill region (of) N.C." P3-L957 (Cotten Cutter)

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Processing Information

Processed by: Patrick Cullom

Encoded by: Patrick Cullom, February 2011

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