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One Hundred Or So Good North Carolina Reference Sources

updated May 2009 by Sarah Everhart

This is a list of titles that the staff of the North Carolina Collection find useful for answering reference questions. The titles specific to North Carolina are supplemented by a few titles that are not specific to North Carolina but which include information on North Carolina topics. Titles are arranged by subject. Each title appears in only one subject category. Call numbers are those used by the North Carolina Collection.

North Carolina References
Subject Categories

African Americans





Native Americans


Genealogy/Local History

Natural History






Periodicals - General






Post Offices





History - Illustrative

Public Policy Periodicals










Regional and National References with North Carolina Information
Subject Categories









North Carolina References

African Americans
C326 C95h 2002
Crow, Jeffrey J., Paul Escott, and Flora J. Hatley. A History of African Americans in North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Office of Archives and History, 2002.
Covers the period from colonial times to the rise of African American political power. Well illustrated. Useful appendices on African Americans in politics, suggested readings, and index.

C917 D262T
Davis, Lenwood. A Travel Guide to Black Historical Sites and Landmarks in North Carolina. Winston-Salem, N.C.: Bandit Books, 1991.
Entries for more than one hundred and fifty landmarks and sites, forty-six highway historical markers, and restaurants. Glossary and index.

C326.8 F83f3
Franklin, John Hope. The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790 - 1860. With a new foreword and blbliographic afterword by the author. Chapel Hill and London, University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Classic study first published in 1943. Scholarly, reliable, factual, and well-written. Appendices and index.

C929 H54s
The Heritage of Blacks in North Carolina. Charlotte, N.C.: The North Carolina African American Heritage Foundation in cooperation with the Delmar Company, 1990.
An account of African Americans in the state, emphasizing individual family histories.

C326 A258w
Watson, Alan D., ed. African Americans in Early North Carolina: A Documentary History. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 2005.
Contains transcripts of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century documents that trace the history of African Americans in North Carolina through 1800. Includes sections on slavery, the slave code, emancipation, family, and free blacks.

C571 C67f 2006
Coe, Joffre Lanning. The Formative Cultures of the Carolina Piedmont. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 2006.
Reprint of a landmark 1964 study on archaeological sites in the North Carolina Piedmont region. Well-illustrated.

C970.01 W263t
Ward, H. Trawick and R. P. Stephen Davis, Jr. Time Before History: The Archaeology of North Carolina. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
Scholarly, readable history of the state from 9500 B.C., the early Paleo-Indian subperiod, until the time of contact between Indians living in North Carolina and Europeans arriving from Spain and England. Illustrations, list of references cited, index.

C720 B62g
Bishir, Catherine W. and Michael T. Southern. A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Eastern North Carolina. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
The first in a three-volume series of guides to historic architecture, this volume covers the eastern part of the state. Arranged by county. Includes a glossary of architectural terms. Index.

C720 B62g2
Bishir, Catherine W. and Michael T. Southern. A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Piedmont, North Carolina. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
The third in a three-volume series, this volume covers the Piedmont region of North Carolina. Arranged by county. Includes a glossary, bibliography, index, and maps.

C720 B62g1
Bishir, Catherine W., Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin. A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
The second in a three-volume series, this volume covers the western part of the state. Arranged by county. Includes a glossary of architectural terms. Index.

FC720 B62n
Bishir, Catherine W. North Carolina Architecture. Photographs by Tim Buchman. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
Inspired by two earlier works, Old Homes and Gardens of North Carolina by Archibald Henderson and Bayard Wootten (1939) and The Early Architecture of North Carolina by Frances Benjamin Johnston and Thomas Tileston Waterman (1941), this volume is designed to be "selective rather than comprehensive." Its beautiful photographs and illuminating prose bring attention to examples of the state's architectural heritage. Index.

C720 B62n
Bishir, Catherine W. North Carolina Architecture (Portable Edition). Photographs by Tim Buchman. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
An updated, portable edition of Catherine Bishir's North Carolina Architecture.

C917 C28s
Swain, Douglas. Carolina Dwelling: Towards Preservation of Place: In Celebration of the North Carolina Vernacular Landscape. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina State University, 1978.
Information on the typical architectural styles in North Carolina, arranged by geographic regions.

C016.091 A673s
Archival and Manuscript Repositories in North Carolina: A Directory. Raleigh, N.C.: Society of North Carolina Archivists, 1993.
Lists archival and manuscript repositories including a description of holdings, services, hours of operation, and contact information. County, subject, and institutional indexes.

C016 N87h1
Cain, Barbara T., Compiler and ed., with Ellen Z. McGrew and Charles E. Morris. Guide to Private Manuscript Collections in the North Carolina State Archives. 3rd rev. ed. Second printing, 1986. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, 1981.
Describes collections received through 1978. Divided into three sections: private collections, microfilm private collections, and account books. Index.

CR016.35 N87a1
Guide to Research Materials in the North Carolina State Archives: State Agency Records. Raleigh, N.C.: Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, Archives and Records Section, 1995.
Brief history of each agency and summary of agency records in the State Archives. Index.

C016.971 N87a10
Guide to Research Materials in the North Carolina State Archives: County Records. Raleigh, N.C.: Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, Archives and Records Section, 1997.
County-by-county listing of the holdings of the State Archives including election records, land records, military and pension records, and others. Indicates whether information is the original record or microfilm.

C709 F78a
Foushee, Ola Maie. Art in North Carolina: Episodes and Developments, 1585 - 1970
Chapel Hill, N.C.: [1972].
The story of art in the state from John White's drawings to 1970. Chapters on the beginnings, organizing, teaching, museums and galleries, arts councils, artists, corporate support, and art education. Index.

C912 N714d
Daw, Jonathan...[et. al.] The 1990 Census Atlas of North Carolina. Boone, N.C.: Department of Geography and Planning, Appalachian State University, 1992.
Maps describing socio-economic and political characteristics, by county. Includes 145 maps of the state, with information on a variety of topics, e.g. low birthweight, retail trade, correctional institutions.

FC912 D36n
North Carolina Atlas and Gazetteer. Freeport, Maine: The Company, 2003.
Detailed maps of the geography of North Carolina. Includes information on recreational sites, bike routes, and wildlife refuges. Detailed mapping of road system but no insets showing features of individual large cities.

CR912 N873L
Long, John H., ed. North Carolina: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1998.
Historical and geographic information on changes in North Carolina county boundaries from the 17th century onward. Includes table of N.C. county and precinct creations, a consolidated chronology for state and county boundaries, and individual county and precinct chronologies and maps.

C912 C61n 2000
Orr, Douglas M., Jr., and Alfred W. Stuart. The North Carolina Atlas: Portrait For a New Century. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.
Updated and expanded version of the popular and useful 1975 North Carolina Atlas: Portrait of a Changing State. Chapters, with charts and graphics, on the natural environment; history; population; urbanization; the economy; agriculture, forestry, fishing and mining; manufacturing; transportation and utilities; trade, banking, and tourism; politics; air quality; water resources; crime; education; health; cultural arts; and outdoor recreation. Informative and visually attractive.

FCR912 P97n 1996
Puetz, C. J. North Carolina County Maps. Lyndon Station, Wisconsin: County Maps, 1996.
Includes all one hundred county maps with a brief history of each county and quick facts on the state. Includes identification of major roads and landmarks. Large format makes for an ease of use.

C629 I65e
Ireland, Robert E. Entering the Auto Age: The Early Automobile in North Carolina, 1900 - 1930.
Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1990.
Concise, informative, well-illustrated history of the automobile in the state, with the accompanying political, economic, and social changes. Good chapter notes. No index.

C016.97 J77n
Jones, H.G. North Carolina History: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.
Over 11,000 entries. Final chapter on printed and manuscript resources, historic sites, and museums. Includes list of periodicals and serials and indexes by author and subject.

C016 T51b
Thornton, Mary Lindsay. A Bibliography of North Carolina, 1589 - 1956. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1958.
Over 15,000 entries. Excludes documents, maps, theses, and articles. Index.

C016 T51o
Thornton, Mary Lindsay. Official Publications of the Colony and State of North Carolina, 1749 - 1939. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1954.
Bibliography of over 4,000 publications issued by state departments or institutions. Index.

CRBo M41b
Biographical Directory of the General Assembly of North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: N.C. Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, Archives and Records Section, 1979.
Biographical sketches on 603 members of the General Assembly between 1963-1978. Information on members is compiled from sources such as the North Carolina Manual, North Carolina newspapers, and autobiographical data.

CRBo B86t 2004
Broadfoot, Jan. Twentieth Century Tar Heels. Wendell, N.C.: Broadfoot's of Wendell, 2004.
Brief biographical sketches of prominent 20th century North Carolinians and lists of winners of various North Carolina awards and elected officials. Index.

CBo C88n2
Crabtree, Beth G. North Carolina Governors, 1585 - 1974: Brief Sketches. Third printing, revised. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, 1974.
A likeness and a biographical sketch for each governor is included. Each sketch includes references. Twenty-three useful appendixes, including the test of the state constitution, ages of governors, education, ocupations, and signatures. Appendixes include birthplace by county, vote, age when elected, college attended, occupation, and copy of signature.

CBo T78o
Crittenden, Christopher, William S. Powell, Robert H. Woody, eds. 100 Years, 100 Men, 1871- 1971. Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards and Broughton [1971].
Published to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the Edwards and Broughton Company. Despite its title, this book includes short biographical sketches of both men and women who had "done the most" for North Carolina during the one hundred years of the existence of the Edwards and Broughton Company. Each sketch includes a portrait.

CBo G721o
Hill, Michael, ed. The Governors of North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of Archives and History, 2007.
Brief biographical sketches for North Carolina governors through 2007. Includes portraits and illustrations, as well as a chronological list, bibliography, and index. This volume is based on Beth Crabtree's North Carolina Governors, 1585-1974.

CBo D55p v.1-6 (Also CR)
Powell, William S., ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. 6v. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1979-1996.
Concise, scholarly biographical sketches of prominent deceased North Carolinians. Each entry indicates the author and lists sources.

North Carolina Collection Biographical Index
The North Carolina Collection Biographical Index contains citations to biographical sources about North Carolinians. Over 500 volumes have been indexed to date, including Powell's Dictionary of North Carolina Biography and the North Carolina Collection's Biographical Clippings Files.

C917.03 B82
Branson's North Carolina Business Directory. Raleigh, N.C.: Levi Branson, 1866 - 1896.
Alphabetically arranged by county, these directories include lists of churches, hotels, lawyers, businesses, merchants, ministers, mines, mills, physicians, post offices, schools, farmers, and other miscellaneous information. Contains ads from some businesses.

FC971.60 B97
Business Journal. Charlotte, N.C.: Business Journal of Charlotte, Inc., 1986-.
A weekly digest of business and industry activities in the Charlotte metropolitan area, with statistics, projections, and future plans of the business and financial communities. Continued by Charlotte Business Journal.

C658 B97
Business: North Carolina. Charlotte, N.C.: Shaw Communications, Oct. 1981 -.
A monthly overview of business activity statewide, with emphasis on banking, finance, and construction. Includes business personalities and company profiles.

C917.4 P613p 1998-2001
Piedmont Triad City Facts.
For the Greensboro, Winston-Salem, High Point area, this publication provides information on businesses, labor, economic development, maps, population, unemployment, household income, age, college degrees, county profiles.

FC658 T82t
Triad Business. Greensboro, N.C.: Spectator Publications, 1986- .
Weekly newspaper format publication covering business activities and projections in the Triad area of North Carolina (Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point metropolitan area).

FC658 T82b1
Triangle Business. Raleigh, N.C.: Spectator Publications, 1985- .
Weekly newspaper format publication covering business activities and projections in the Triangle area of North Carolina (Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill-RTP metropolitan area).

C917.4 T82c1
Triangle City Facts. Raleigh, N.C.: Signature Publishing, 1995/96-.
This publication calls itself the "annual index of the Triangle's most influential businesses," and it provides basic information on businesses (number of employees, sales, officers, web site, etc.). In addition there is information on labor statistics, chambers of commerce and economic development commissions, maps, city profiles (including population, unemployment rate, median household income, median age, residents with college degrees, major employers, and origin of name), county profiles (including surrounding counties), information on the Research Triangle Park related to health care, education, manufacturing, and transportation.

C353 W36
North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Citizens for Business and Industry, 1990-. Formerly We the People of North Carolina (1943-1989).
Monthly journal with articles dealing chiefly with business activities in North Carolina; contains some book reviews, personality profiles, and state relations with business and banking.

Historical Census Browser, University of Virginia Library.
Allows users to examine state and county topics within census years 1790-1960. Topics include population, demographics, slave populations, education, agriculture, employment, housing, and more. Users can track topics over time and map selected data.

CR 310 [Year]
North Carolina Census Indexes [plus Film C310 Year, for microfilm of population schedules]
Indexes from 1790-1870 of North Carolinians listed in censuses, listed alphabetically by surname, followed by county of origin and residence by township (if known), and page number on microfilm. See the chapter on census information in Helen F. M. Leary, ed., North Carolina Research: Genealogy and Local History, for information about what is included in each census.

North Carolina QuickFacts from U.S. Census Bureau.
Tables of demographic, business, and geographical statistics for the state of North Carolina based on U.S. Census figures. Users can view information at the state, county, or city level.

C330 O94n
Outlook North Carolina. Charlotte, N.C.: Business North Carolina, 1995-2001.
Quarterly with economic information and forecasts for the nation, the state, geographic regions of the state, planning regions, counties, metropolitan statistical areas.

C336.2 N87s1
State of North Carolina Summary of Financial Condition. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of the State Controller, 1994-.
Annual financial reports for the state of North Carolina from the State Controller's Office. Reports from 1997- are available online.

C379 L543s
Leloudis, James L. Schooling the New South: Pedagogy, Self, and Society in North Carolina, 1880 - 1920. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.
Scholarly history and analysis of education and society from the implementation of the graded school in the early 1880s through the first two decades of the 20th century when more and more white women teachers entered the classroom.

C378.9 P88h
Powell, William Stevens. Higher Education in North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: State Department of Archives and History, 1970.
Brief historical sketches of all institutions of higher education in North Carolina at the time of this publication. Includes chronological list of when established, as well as data on enrollment, location and type. Also includes information on former colleges.

C378.9 N87h2
Statistical Abstract of Higher Education in North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina State Board of Higher Education, 1967- .
Annual report containing information on institutions of higher education. Statistics include such information as enrollment, racial composition, geographic origin, cost, faculty, and financial aid. Statistical Abstracts from 1994- are available online at http://www.northcarolina.edu/content.php/pres/publications/publications.htm

University of North Carolina Institutional Profiles
Annual report listing various data for each of the 16 UNC campuses. Includes information on institution history, location, enrollment, costs, degree programs, admissions, and more.

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
Online portal for information on public schools in North Carolina. Includes information on curriculum and testing, educational programs, data and statistics for North Carolina schools, employment and licensure information, and more.

Genealogy/Local History
C929.07 N87 1996
Leary, Helen F.M. ed. North Carolina Research: Genealogy and Local History. 2nd ed. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Genealogical Society, 1996.
Chapters on such topics as records of marriages, wills, estates, land, taxes, court minutes, military, schools, census, cemeteries, churches, newspapers, photographs, and artifacts. Useful appendix defining selected terms and abbreviations and another on organizing genealogical information. Index.

C929 N87g
North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Genealogical Society, Jan. 1975 (v.1) - .
Quarterly publication dealing with all aspects of North Carolina family history, including recent discoveries and on-going research. Emphasizes unpublished, primary source documents of North Carolina genealogical significance.

C929.07 S74n
Spencer, Romulus Sanderson, Jr. The North Carolina Genealogical Directory: A Listing of Tar Heel Societies and Selected Books for Sale. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Genealogical Society, 1992.
Brief statement on formation of each county, mailing addresses of genealogical and historical societies, list of books for sale, list of useful genealogical and historical books including information about ordering.

C910.3 P88n
Powell, William S. The North Carolina Gazetteer. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.
"A geographical dictionary in which an attempt has been made to list all of the geographic features of the state in one alphabet." More than a list, the book includes information about each feature; for example, when a town was incorporated, for whom it was named.

C917 G342p
Bennett, D. Gordon, and Jeffrey C. Patton, eds. A Geography of the Carolinas. Boone, N.C.: Parkway Publishers, 2008.
A collection of scholarly essays covering broad topics of the geography of North and South Carolina. Includes sections on landforms, rivers, climate, vegetation, geology, agriculture, and social geography topics such as settlement, urban areas, population, education, and tourism. Well illustrated.

C550 B57n
Beyer, Fred. North Carolina: The Years Before Man: A Geologic History. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 1991.
Understandable prose, detailed notes, illustrations, index.

C353 N87n 1981
Cheney, John L., ed. North Carolina Government, 1585-1979. A Narrative and Statistical History. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Department of Secretary of State, 1981.
Information on people, counties, state symbols, constitutional development, elections, maps. Index.

DocSouth - "The Colonial and State Records of North Carolina" Collection
Digitized documents and materials covering early North Carolina settlement and government. Includes administrative records, correspondence, court records, laws, military records, and more.

LINC - Log Into North Carolina
An excellent web resource for NC statistical data. Census and demographic data from 1960s to 2030 projections and customized report capability.

NC.gov State Government Portal
NC.gov is the official website of the state of North Carolina. The Government section of the site includes information and links for state government, the General Assembly, voting and elections, law enforcement, and more.

C917.05 N87m
North Carolina Manual. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Historical Commission, 1903- .
Odd-numbered-year directory of North Carolina state government issued by the Office of the Secretary of State. Includes thumbnail sketches of state elected and appointed officials and information on state symbols and history.

C361.7 S55n
Shirley, Anita Gunn. North Carolina Giving. Raleigh, N.C.: Capital Consortium, 1990- .
Information on grants and the agencies and foundations that provide them, including names and addresses of contacts.

C970.91 B13n
Badger, Anthony J. North Carolina and the New Deal. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources. Division of Archives and History, 1981.
Written by a scholar for a popular audience, this book tells about an important period in North Carolina history, when a growing federal government met a conservative state. No footnotes, but contains a good essay on sources.

C970 N87b3
Butler, Lindley S., and Alan D. Watson, eds. The North Carolina Experience: An Interpretive and Documentary History. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1984.
Designed as a supplementary text to college level North Carolina history courses, this volume contains nineteen chapters on various aspects of the state's history, each beginning with an essay written by a historian with expertise in that field, followed by selections from texts of primary documents related to the chapter's topic, and a list of suggested readings.

C905 N87a
Carolina Comments. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina State Department of Archives and History, May 1952 (v. 1, no. 1) - .
A bi-monthly report of the activities of the Division of Archives and History (Dept. of Cultural Resources); includes personalities, preservation efforts, local historical societies, and educational activities. Each volume is indexed.

C970 D611c
Claiborne, Jack, and William Price, eds. Discovering North Carolina: A Tar Heel Reader. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.
Short essays about North Carolina people and places, most by North Carolina authors. Covers the events, people, and social fabric that make up the Tar Heel state and its culture.

C917.05 C79n
Corey, Faris Jane. North Carolina Superlatives. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The Provincial Press, [1979]
Concise gathering of the best, chief, farthest, fastest, finest, first, highest, largest, last, longest, most, oldest, only, smallest, steepest, and tallest. Though the book is dated, some of these facts never change. The book is a handy compilation of often-asked questions.

C971 C78f1
Corbitt, David Leroy. The Formation of the North Carolina Counties, 1663-1943. Raleigh, 1950. Reprinted with additions, 1969.
Story of the carving out of the one hundred counties. Somewhat dated but still useful. Includes maps and charts showing county formations, as well as information on name origins and years established. Index.

C917 E74m
Escott, Paul D. Many Excellent People: Power and Privilege in North Carolina, 1850 - 1900. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.
"The story of a conservative social system resisting change despite persistent challenge from democratic forces." The book's central concerns are class, race, and power, the relations between "common folk" and the elite. Bibliography and index.

C970 W357u
Fenn, Elizabeth A., et al. The Way We Lived in North Carolina. Ed. Joe A. Mobley. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Published for the North Carolina Office of Cultural Resources by University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
Revised and updated edition of the 1983 5-volume series of the same title. This single-volume edition includes essays entitled "Natives and Newcomers" (NC before 1770), "An Independent People" (1770-1820), "Close to the Land" (1820-1870), "The Quest for Progress" (1870-1920) and "Express Lanes and Country Roads" (1920-2001). All essays are well illustrated, contain extensive marginalia, and guide readers to historic sites that supplement the text.

C331.8 L727h 2000
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, et.al. Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.
A social history examining the lives of textile mill workers. Part 1 is a thematic description of cotton mill life between 1880 and 1920. Part 2 is a chronological account from 1920 through the General Textile Strike of 1934. Index.

C970 G94h 2007
Hill, Michael. Guide to North Carolina Highway Historical Markers. 10th edition. Raleigh, N.C.: Office of Archives and History, Department of Cultural Resources, 2007.
A guide to the signs on the state's highways noting historically significant persons, structures, events, or organizations. Index.

C917 J67a
Johnson, Guion Griffis. Ante-bellum North Carolina: A Social History. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1937.
One of the classic histories of the state. Scholarly but readable social narrative. Includes bibliography and index as well as a list of primary and secondary sources. Full text available online at DocSouth.

C970 L49n3
Lefler, Hugh Talmage, ed. North Carolina History Told by Contemporaries. Fourth ed., rev. and enlarged. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1965.
Excerpts of contemporary accounts illustrating political, social, and economic developments in North Carolina from 1524 until the mid-1960s. Sources include constitutions, laws, legislative documents, messages of governors, reports, travel accounts, newspapers, magazines, letters, and diaries. Index.

C970.741 M26n
Manarin, Louis H. North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865; a Roster. Vols. 1 - Raleigh, N.C.: State Department of Archives and History, 1966-2003. Vols. 4 - 14 edited by Weymouth T. Jordan, Jr.
This multi-volume set, through publication of their military service records and histories of the units in which they served, provides information on over 125,000 North Carolinians who fought during the Civil War. Each volume is indexed.

FC970.7 M423s
Mast, Greg. State Troops and Volunteers: A Photographic Record of North Carolina's Civil War Soldiers. Continuing series. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, 1995 -- .
Photographs, bibliography, and index.

C917 M56c
Merrens, Harry Roy. Colonial North Carolina in the Eighteenth Century: A Study in Historical Geography. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1964. Fascinating, scholarly study of colonial North Carolina's land, people, and economy, including forests, farming, and trade. Maps and illustrations show natural features, settlers, boundaries, ports, roads, towns, commerce. Bibliography, notes, index.

C917 N87a
North Carolina and Its Resources. Raleigh, N.C.: State Board of Agriculture, 1896.
Though dated, this volume contains a wealth of information. Chapters on history, climate, forests, flora, fauna, geology, minerals, gems, roads, water, fisheries, agriculture, horticulture, vineyards, plant nurseries, manufacturing, railroads, newspapers, religion, geology, charities, orphanages and hospitals, education, health, seaside resorts, hunting and fishing and information on each county. Full text available online at DocSouth.

C331 N87L
North Carolina Bureau of Labor and Printing. Report. Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards and Broughton Printing Co, 1887- Annual report giving information on agriculture, industry, newspapers, labor, construction, wage earning and employment in North Carolina.

C970 N87hi
North Carolina Historical Review. Raleigh, N.C.: Division Of Archives and History, 1924-.
Quarterly journal with scholarly articles and book reviews. Annual index, occasional cumulative index.

C970 P87o
Powell, Lew. On This Day in North Carolina. Winston-Salem, N.C.: J. F. Blair, 1996.
Day by day account of significant (and some not so significant) happenings in the Tar Heel state.

C970 P88n2
Powell, William S. North Carolina Through Four Centuries. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Basic, accurate, well-written text on the history of the Tar Heel state. Appendixes include a chronology of significant dates and a list of the state's chief executives.

C970 T16j
Tar Heel Junior Historian. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Museum of History. 1961-.
Created by the North Carolina Museum of History, quarterly essay-style publication aimed at younger readers and students of North Carolina history and culture. Each issue is devoted to a different subject, such as literature, sports, or women.

C917 W22n
Walser, Richard, ed. The North Carolina Miscellany. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1962.
Selections grouped into chapters about places, people, incidents, oddments and observations, and folklore. Each chapter is prefaced with a list of contents. Somewhat dated but fascinating and suprisingly diverse.

C970.2 W33s1
Watson, Alan D., comp. Society in Early North Carolina: A Documentary History. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, Dept. of Cultural Resources, 2000.
Part of a planned series of documentaries, this volume covers the period from colonization until about the American Revolution. Documents include published and unpublished correspondence, journals, travel accounts, statutes, court proceedings, legal documents, church records, and newspapers. The division into chapters such as family, taverns, homes, towns, health, religion, and education is useful, as are the list of sources cited and an index.

History - Illustrative
FC338 B87n 2006
Brown, David E., and Shepherd W. McKinley, eds. North Carolina: New Directions for an Old Land: An Illustrated History. Sun Valley, CA: American Historical Press, 2006.
Traces the history of the state, focusing on a variety of topics. Hundreds of color illustrations and black and white photos. Timeline, bibliography, and index.

C970 J77
Jones, H. G. North Carolina Illustrated, 1524 - 1984. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.
The history of North Carolina in pictures and text, from Verrazzano's exploration of the Cape Fear region until the year the book was published. Index.

FC970 M415n
Massengill, Stephen and Robert M. Tompkins. A North Carolina Postcard Album, 1905 - 1925. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, 1988.
Chiefly illustrations. Index.

North Carolina Postcards
A digital project of the North Carolina Collection. Presents high quality images of hundreds of postcards depicting scenes from around the state of North Carolina. Postcards may be browsed by location or subject.

Indians - See Native Americans.

C345 B141L
Baer, Miriam J. Legal Research in North Carolina. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 2006.
A guide to research methods and resources for legal research in North Carolina. Includes examples and practice exercises. Index.

CR345 M159n
McKnight, Jean Sinclair. North Carolina Legal Research Guide. Littleton, CO: F. B. Rothman, 1994
Concise guide to finding aids dealing in North Carolina legal research. Text includes title and subject indices as well as helpful appendices of names and addresses of N. C. Law libraries, law publishers, and related resources.

C328.1 N87b [Year] and C328.1 N87i (Indexes)
Bills, resolutions...N.C. General Assembly
A compilation of the legislation in full odd-numbered years and extra even-numbered for the North Carolina General Assembly. The volume includes ratified bills and resolutions and the disposition of bills not ratified. Information on the status of public and local bills. Index.

North Carolina General Assembly - Legislation
The North Carolina General Assembly's website includes a searchable database of bills and resolutions from 1985 onwards.

C810 B92o 1995
Buckner, Sally. Our Words, Our Ways: Reading and Writing in North Carolina. 2nd ed. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press, 1995.
Designed for eighth grade students as a companion volume to their study of North Carolina history, this volume contains selections ranging from Cherokee myths to Thomas Wolfe to contemporary poets. Index of authors and titles.

FCBo C76b
Broadfoot, Jan and Joyce Barrow, compilers. Contemporary North Carolina Authors. Wendell, N.C.: Broadfoot's of Wendell, c1989-
Loose-leaf format, designed for classroom use. Biographical information and a photograph of each author represented.

C813.08 R85g
Gingher, Robert, ed. The Rough Road Home: Stories by North Carolina Writers. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.
Short stories by twenty-two established writers. See also This is Where We Live: Short Stories by 25 North Carolina Writers, edited by Michael McFee (2000).

C811.08 L28m
McFee, Michael, ed. The Language They Speak is Things to Eat: Poems by Fifteen Contemporary North Carolina Poets. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Works of poets whose "chief creative work" was done between 1973 and 1993 and who had published at least two full-length books during that time. Includes Betty Adcock, A.R. Ammons, Maya Angelou, James Applewhite, Gerald Barrax, Kathryn Stripling Byer, Fred Chappell, William Harmon, Susan Ludvigson, Michael McFee, Heather Ross Miller, Robert Morgan, Reynolds Price, James Seay, and Jonathan Williams.

C813.08 T448m
McFee, Michael, ed. This is Where We Live: Short Stories by 25 Contemporary North Carolina Writers. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.
Stories by writers not included in The Rough Road Home, edited by Robert Gingher. In general, emerging writers not as well known as those in Gingher's book.

Cp806 N87Lh [Year]
North Carolina Literary Hall of Fame. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The North Carolina Writers' Network. 1996- (some years missing).
Programs from North Carolina Literary Hall of Fame induction ceremonies. Includes biographical information on the year's inductees as well as information on their work.

C810.5 N87e
North Carolina Literary Review. Greenville, N.C.: English Department, East Carolina University and the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, Summer 1992 (v.1, no.1) - .
Annual publication with articles, poetry, short stories, book reviews. "The Dictionary of North Carolina Writers" has appeared serially in all issues. The review's web site is at www.ecu.edu/nclr/

C810 W22L 1986
Walser, Richard, assisted by E. T. Malone, Jr.. Literary North Carolina: A Historical Survey, Revised and Enlarged. Raleigh, N.C.: N.C. Division of Archives and History, 1986.
Traces the literature of North Carolina from 1524 through the mid-1980s. Separate chapters on novelists, poets, humorists, historians, dramatists, mystery and science fiction writers, short-story writers, juvenile literature, publishers, and Thomas Wolfe. Lists literary awards through 1985. Bibliography. Index.

C610.9 L84m
Long, Dorothy, ed. Medicine in North Carolina: Essays in the History of Medical Science and Medical Service, 1524 - 1960. 2 vols. Raleigh, N.C.: The North Carolina Medical Society, 1972.
Vol. I: Seventeen essays on various aspects of medicine, including education, administrative agencies, and medical service facilities. Appendixes listing doctors before 1800 and publications by physicians from 1800 - 1861.
Vol. II: Twenty essays on medical education and service.

Native Americans
C970.01 B959f
Byrd, William L. III, ed. For So Long As The Sun and Moon Endure: Indian Records From the North Carolina General Assembly Sessions and Other Sources. Westminster, MD: Heritage Books, 2006.
Transcripts of official records pertaining to American Indian peoples in North Carolina. Sections cover Tuscarora records, General Assembly sessions, the Governor's office, and North Carolina laws. Index.

C970.01 R57a
Rights, Douglas L. The American Indian in North Carolina. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1947. (Second ed. Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1957. Reprinted in 1988.)
Comprehensive classic study. Index.

Natural History
C799 W673d
Dean, Jim and Lawrence E. Earley, eds. Wildlife in North Carolina. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.
A selection of articles and pictures from the magazine Wildlife in North Carolina. Articles are divided into the following headings: sporting heritage, flora and fauna, special places, and hunting and fishing.

C590 R21n
Rankin, Richard, ed. North Carolina Nature Writing: Four Centuries of Personal Narratives and Descriptions. Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair, 1986.
Selections from twenty-six of the best essays about the state's natural world from 1663 to 1995, with brief biographical information on each author and comments on the significance of the selection.

FCp071 N87p
Directory of Members; North Carolina Press Association. Morganton, N.C.: The Association, 1982-
Annual directory of members of N.C.P.A. newspapers listed by city. Includes personnel information, circulation statistics, and contact information.

C070.9 S82t
Stem, Thad, Jr. The Tar Heel Press. n. p: North Carolina Press Association, 1973.
From James Davis in New Bern in 1751 until the centennial year of the North Carolina Press Association. Indexes of newspapers and those involved with them. Also list of officers and meeting places of the North Carolina Press Association for one hundred years.

Periodicals - General
C917.05 S79
Our State (formerly The State) Greensboro, N.C.: Mann Media, 1996 - .(formerly Raleigh, 1933 - 1996).
Popular monthly with articles and photographs featuring various aspects of North Carolina history, biography, travel, food, and hobbies.

C328 N87c
Article II: Guide to North Carolina Legislature. Raleigh, N.C.: The Center, 1977 - current.
Published biannually. Indicates the interests, activities, and areas of strength of Tar Heel lawmakers. Includes an effectiveness rating for each legislator.

C320.9 N532u
Cooper, Christopher A., and H. Gibbs Knotts, eds. The New Politics of North Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008.
Scholarly essays on various aspects of politics in the Tar Heel State. Topics include public opinion, the political party system, governmental institutions, public policy, and more. Extensive tables and figures. Index.

C329 L94t1
Luebke, Paul. Tar Heel Politics 2000. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Revised edition of Tar Heel Politics: Myths and Realities (1990). A history of Tar Heel politics, mostly in the second half of the twentieth century, examining the state's progressive label by looking at ideology, economics, race, and labor. Bibliography and index.

Post Offices
C383 N87p
Stroupe, Vernon S. et al. Post Offices and Postmasters of North Carolina. Colonial to USPS. 4 vols. Charlotte, N.C.: North Carolina Postal History Society, 1996.
Information on the nearly 7,000 documented post offices in North Carolina from colonial days until 1971 when the U.S. Postal Service began. Includes examples of postal markings and indications of their rarity.

C655 P279h
Paschal, George Washington. A History of Printing in North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards and Broughton Company, 1946.
History of early printers and of the Edwards and Broughton Company. Index.

Public Policy Periodicals

C353 N33
North Carolina Insight. Raleigh, N.C.: North Carolina Center for Public Policy Research, Winter 1978 (v.1, no.1 -).
Quarterly non-profit, non-affiliated research publication dealing with various aspects of North Carolina public issues and problems, usually studying a single subject in depth.

C917 G12n
Gade, Ole, et al. North Carolina: People and Environments. 2nd ed. Boone, N.C.: Parkway Publishers, 2002.
Expanded and updated edition of the 1986 volume of the same title. Land and people, regions, the economy, figures and tables including data on such topics as temperature, precipitation, heating degree days, farmland value, endangered habitats, and shopping malls. Written as an aid to public school teachers in North Carolina, the text covers geographic, census, and economic data. Author, Organization, Place, and Subject indexes.

C917.05 N87y
North Carolina Yearbook. Raleigh, N.C.: The News and Observer, (1901-1941).
Published by The News and Observer in Raleigh, this discontinued series contains useful information on various population and political statistics. Also includes lists by county of elected officials, lawyers, doctors, teachers, clergy, photographers, plumbers, businesses, and similar categories.

C917 N87t 1999
Smith, Sunny, and Ginny Turner, eds. North Carolina Traveler: A Vacationer's Guide to the Mountains, Piedmont, and Coast. 5th ed. Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair, 1999.
Information on attractions, recreation, restaurants, accommodations. Index.

CBo K37m
Kent, Scotti. More Than Petticoats: Remarkable North Carolina Women. Np: Twodot, 2000.
Biographical information on fourteen N.C. women. Bibliography. Index.

CBo R22n
Ravi, Jennifer. Notable North Carolina Women. Winston-Salem, N.C.: Bandit Books, 1992.
Chapters on women in popular culture, education, politics, publishing, entertainment, science, and reform. Index.

C396 S614p
Sims, Anastasia. The Power of Femininity in the New South: Women's Organizations and Politics in North Carolina, 1880 - 1930. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
A scholarly examination of the persistence of the feminine ideal and the ways that North Carolina women worked through voluntary associations to help shape public policy and social reform. Index.

C396 S655n
Smith, Margaret Supplee and Emily Herring Wilson. North Carolina Women Making History. Chapel Hill and London: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.
History of women in the state from the original Native Americans to the 1980s. Illustrated. Index.

Regional and National References with North Carolina Information

C912 H65a
Hilliard, Sam Bowers. Atlas of Antebellum Southern Agriculture. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.
Information from the U.S. Census and Department of Agriculture and Commerce publications. Includes color maps showing such things as crop data, population density, and the labor system of the antebellum south.

FCR910.3 O56a
Abate, Frank R., ed. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. Detroit, Michigan: Omni Graphics, Inc., 1991. Vol. 3: Southeast.
Names, locations, and identification for places, structures, and geographic features, consolidated from more than a dozen sources.

FFC912 C24a
Cappon, Lester, J. editor-in-chief. Atlas of Early American History. The Revolutionary Era, 1760 - 1790. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press for the Newberry Library and the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1976.
Three main sections: colonial years, American Revolution, Confederation. Includes maps showing location of and text explaining boundaries, Indian settlements, population, economic activity (including potteries, paper mills, silversmiths, mail routes, tobacco exported), cultural activity (including section on Bartram travels, printing and newspapers, engravers, colleges), British administration, the Revolutionary War, the Western part of the country).

C016.912 C97s2
Cumming, William P. The Southeast in Early Maps. Third edition, rev. and enlarged. Chapel Hill and London, 1998.
Description, including references and location of originals, of 450 maps of the southeastern region of North America before the American Revolution. Twenty-four color plates, seventy-one black and white plates. A revised and enlarged edition of the classic 1958 book.

CR970 F828r
Frank, Andrew K. Routledge Historical Atlas of the American South. New York: Routledge, 1999.
Divided chronologically into five parts. Good graphics. Information on a large number of topics such as Underground Railroad routes, Indian removal routes, cotton and tobacco production, slave distribution, railroads and canals, Civil War sites, urbanization, religion, lynching, income, farms having telephones and tractors, freedom rides, and more.

CRBo C74 1980
Concise Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Scribner, [1964].
Includes over 14,000 biographies of famous Americans. Includes birth and death dates and death sites. Good introductory source for general information on major figures in American history

CRBo W14b
Wakelyn, Jon L. Biographical Dictionary of the Confederacy. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1976.
Biographical sketches covering 652 of the South's leaders during the Civil War. Includes a breakdown on the geographical mobility of the leaders before and after the war, their principal occupations, religious affiliations, educational background, and prewar and postwar political party affiliation. Bibliography of resources used, index.

C917.05 B65b
Blue Book of Southern Progress. Baltimore: Manufacturers Record, 1909-1966.
Economic data for southern states during this period, including statistics on manufacturing, agriculture, and employment.

CR903 A21d
Adams, James Truslow, ed. Dictionary of American History. 2nd. ed., rev. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1942.
Seven volume set giving information on places, people, and events in American history.

C906 A51d1
Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1990.
Listed by state then city. Information on the major period of the collections, as well as a listing of staff members and their titles. Also includes mailing information, date agency was founded, and name of the chief administrator.

CR903 E56r
The Encyclopedia of Southern History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1979.
A reference tool for information about the South. Index.

C905 S72d
Southern Cultures. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Center for the Study of the American South. 1993- .
Serial covering various aspects of Southern personalities and places, exploring such topics as religion, race relations, labor, and education.

C917 S72i
Southern Exposure: A Journal of Politics and Culture. Durham: Institute for Southern Studies. Spring 1973 (v.1)-.
Serial discussing contemporary Southern problems and practices.

CR917 E56w
Wilson, Charles Reagan and William Ferris, eds., Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Entries on twenty-four categories about southern culture and history. Index.

C917 E56w 2006
Wilson, Charles Reagan, James G. Thompson, Jr., and Ann J. Abadie, eds. The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006-.
Revised, expanded, and updated edition. Topics covered by this planned 13-volume encyclopedia include religion, geography, history, manners, language, ethnicity, food, environment, literature, politics, agriculture and industry, music, and gender.

C810 C761b
Bain, Robert and Joseph M. Flora, eds. Contemporary Poets, Dramatists, Essayists, and Novelists of the South. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Forty-nine entries, each with biographical sketch, discussion of major themes and forms, assessment of reviews and scholarship, chronological list of works, bibliography of selected criticism. A companion volume to Contemporary Fiction Writers of the South (1993). Includes a selected bibliography of books on Southern literature and an index.

CRBo S72b 2006
Flora, Joseph M., and Amber Vogel, eds. Southern Writers: A New Biographical Dictionary. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.
Short biographical sketches for southern writers active from the seventeenth century to the present. Each entry includes a list of the author's works.

CRBo C76f
Flora, Joseph M. and Robert Bain, eds. Contemporary Fiction Writers of the South: A Bio-bibliographical Sourcebase. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993
Biographical sketches of forty-nine leading fiction writers of the south, including many Tar Heel writers. For each author, there is a short biographical sketch, a discussion of major themes, a survey of criticism, and a bibliography. One appendix provides supplementary material on nine contemporary novelists that were included in Fifty Southern Writers after 1900 (1987). A second appendix lists the contents of Contemporary Poets, Dramatists, Essayists, and Novelists of the South: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook (1994).

C310 P831f
Forstall, Richard L., compiler and editor. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990. Washington, D.C.: Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Bureau of the Census, nd.
Population of each county, state, and the country from the first census in 1790 through 1990.

Historical Census Browser, University of Virginia Library.
Allows users to examine state and county topics within census years 1790-1960. Topics include population, demographics, slave populations, education, agriculture, employment, housing, and more. Users can track topics over time and map selected data.

FC203 N532g
Gaustad, Edwin Scott and Philip L. Barlow. New Historical Atlas of Religion in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Classic reference volume, updated and in color, showing the growth and diversity of religious communities in the United States. 260 maps in color; 200 graphs, tables, and charts. Four major parts: Part 1, Institutional and Ethnic Religion before 1800; Part 2, Institutional and Ethnic Religion after 1800; Part 3, Three Case Studies (Lutherans, Mormons, Roman Catholics); Part 4, Broader Perspectives (camp meetings, place names, politics, education). Beautiful, fascinating, informative volume. Index.