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Ocracoke Island, North Carolina:
A Research Guide

ocracoke light

This guide is designed to facilitate access to information for individuals interested in Ocracoke Island, North Carolina. Ocracoke Island is a sandy strip located in the coastal barrier islands of North Carolina known as the Outer Banks and is part of Hyde County. The island boasts 14 miles of beaches protected by the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The village, which is comprised of approximately 775-800 acres, maintains a year-round population of roughly 800 people. The island has a K-12 school, a variety store, a gas station, a bank, a garage, and several restaurants and shops. There are no franchises on the island. It is accessible only by ferry. Originally relying on fishing for its economy, the island now relies mostly on tourism.

The island's isolation from the mainland has made it a point of interest to many for its history and beauty. The guide's intent is to point users to a variety of primary and secondary sources that will be useful for scholarly research as well as research fueled by personal interest. Most sources included in the guide pertain to historical issues and land development issues of Ocracoke Island. Researchers will not find information specifically geared toward tourism or planning a trip to Ocracoke, although some sources that address modern-day issues the island faces may include such information coincidentally.

Most sources included in the Research Guide are located at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The titles of sources listed that are held by UNC-CH will link directly to the catalog record, including the location(s) and call number(s) of the item. However, some useful sources that are not owned by UNC-CH are also listed. These resources will include a link at the bottom of the record by which university affiliates (students, faculty, staff, etc) may request the item through interlibrary loan.

Before getting started, please take a moment to read over:
Using this guide and Research Tips.

This pathfinder was created by Laura Westmoreland, as part of a class project in Fall 2007.


General History

Ocracoke has a rich history that has revolved largely around water, weather, and being isolated from the mainland. Its being an island has made its history distinct from other parts of North Carolina, and the fact that it is still only accessible by ferry makes its history quite unique even from the other islands that comprise the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The sources below provide general information about the island's history.

  1. The Best of the Hatteras Monitor 
    Publication: Frisco, NC : Hatteras Monitor, 2001-?
    Document: English : Book

    A compilation of articles from the Hatteras Monitor, a news magazine published north of Ocracoke in Frisco, N.C. 2 vols, 80+ articles.

  2. The Federal Census of Ocracoke Island, 1790-1910
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : Live Oak Publications, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    Information compiled by author based on census data. Includes glassary of abbreviations.

  3. Hatteras Monitor
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Richard Jones, 1986-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly

    A periodical produced in Frisco, North Carolina, the Hatteras Monitor frequently runs articles and information about Ocracoke.

  4. [Hyde County Folders, Brochures, Pamphlets, etc.]
    Document: English : Compilation/Collection

    Articles, pamphlets, brochures, etc from the 1970s to present pertaining to Hyde County, heavily concentrated on Ocracoke. Most information is related to tourism.

  5. [Hyde County Local Documents] 
    Publication: 1965-1997
    Document: English : Compilation/Collection

    A variety of Hyde County documents, mostly from the 1960s and 1970s. Much of the information pertains to education, land use and development, and business and economic development.

  6. The Mullet Wrapper
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Ocracoke Preservation Society, 1997-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Semiannual (twice a year)
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

    Produced by the Ocracoke Preservation Society, this newsletter is distributed to its members semi-annually. Provides updates on the Preservation Society's projects and goals.

  7. North Carolina Collection Clipping File Through 1975: Subject,
    vol. 126

    Publication: [1900-1975]
    Document: English : Book (Compilation)

    Collections of articles, primarily from North Carolina newspapers, regarding specific subjects. Researcher should consult vol. 126, and look under the heading "Ocracoke."

  8. Ocracoke 
    Author: Goerch, Carl, 1891?-1974.
    Publication: Raleigh, N.C. [Edwards and Broughton Co.] 1956
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    A memoir. Author's descriptions of Ocracoke as he saw and experienced it in the 1950s offer historical merit.

  9. Ocracoke Album
    Author: Dudley, Jack.
    Publication: Morehead City, NC : J. Dudley ; Coastal Heritage Series, 2005
    Document: English : Book

    A collection of historical photographs from the 1890s to 1950s. Provides a great deal of historical information. Photographs are annotated.

  10. Ocracoke Island Beacon
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Aycock Brown, 1941-1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Semimonthly (twice a month)
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

    Earliest known issue: October 15, 1941. Latest known issue: December 15, 1941.

  11. Ocracoke Island News 
    Author: Rondthaler, Alice K.
    Publication: [Ocracoke, N.C. : Ocracoke School 1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Bimonthly (every 2 months) : Microform

    Earliest known issue: August 1, 1965. Latest known issue: June 1, 1967.

  12. Ocracoke Island: Pearl of the Outer Banks
    Author: Bragg, Cecil S., b. 1895.
    Publication: Manteo, N.C. : Times Print. Co., 1973
    Document: English : Book

    A memoir. Includes original poetry by author..

  13. Ocracoke Island Stories: Part of the History
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: [Ocracoke, N.C.] : E.W. O'Neal, 2004
    Document: English : Book
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

  14. Ocracoke, its History and People
    Author: Shears, David, 1926-
    Publication: Washington, D.C. : Starfish Press, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    3rd edition. Author provides colorful history of Ocracoke, based primarily on natives' stories.

  15. Ocracoke Observer
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : 19??-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly

    A free newspaper currently produced on Ocracoke monthly. A useful guide for events on Ocracoke, ferry schedules, library hours, and articles by locals about happenings on the island. Click here for subscription details.

  16. Ocracoke Lighthouse
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Spartanburg, S.C. : Reprint Co., 1993
    Document: English : Book

    A history of the Ocracoke Lighthouse and its keepers. Includes endnotes, photo and illustration credits, glossary, and index.

  17. Ocracokers 
    Author: Ballance, Alton.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    Authored by an Ocracoke native. Recounts tales from "old-timers" on the island, providing an original, colorful history. Also discusses issues the island faces as tourism flourishes.

  18. Ocracoke School News 
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Harold Wahab 1940s-1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly : Microform

    Earliest known issue: September 1955. Latest known issue: March, 1959.

  19. Old Salt
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Havelock, N.C. : Print Shop, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    The author's effort to "preserve the hisotry of the sea-faring men of Ocracoke." Includes maps and facsimiles of original documents.

  20. The Outer Banks of North Carolina, 1584-1958 
    Author: Stick, David, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1958
    Document: English : Book

    Covers history of the Outer Banks of North Carolina, with a significant amount of information on Ocracoke interspersed throughout. Includes references and bibliographical notes. Extensive index.

  21. RootsWeb Hyde County Genealogy Site
    Author: [Multiple]
    Document: Website
    URL: www.rootsweb.com/%7enchyde/HYDE.HTM

    A useful site for genealogical and historical information of Hyde County and Ocracoke Island. Includes information on tax records, census data, wills, estates, etc. Site also includes historical information about Ocracoke written by Earl W. O'Neal, Jr.

  22. The Slave Inhabitants of Hyde County, 1860
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.F. Cloud, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    Based on Hyde County census data.

  23. The Story of Ocracoke Island: A Hyde County Bicentennial Project
    Author: O'Neal, Calvin J.; Rondthaler, Alice K.
    Publication: Charlotte, N.C. : Herb Eaton, Inc. ; Marceline, Mo. : Walsworth Pub. Co., 1976
    Document: English : Book

    Provides a broad array of historical information pertaining to Ocracoke.

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Land & Development

As the island constantly changes shape due to erosion and hurricanes, appropriate and safe use of land is a constant issue on Ocracoke. The sources below provide information on the problems Ocracoke faces, and the way in which the local government works toward solutions.

  1. 1997 County of Hyde, North Carolina Land Use Plan Update 
    Author: Gaskill, Monroe, et al.
    Publication: [S.l. : s.n., 1998]
    Document: English : Book

    An update from a 1992 Land Use Plan. Provides a snapshot of Ocracoke's demographics in 1997 and projected plans for development, land conservation and use, business, population stabilization, etc.

  2. Hyde County, North Carolina, 1992 CAMA Land Use Plan 
    Author: prepared by Holland Consulting Planners, Inc.
    Publication: [Hyde County, N.C.? : The County?, 1992]
    Document: English : Book

    Analysis of then-current Ocracoke demographics, with projected land use plans. Divided into three sections: 1) Hyde County Mainland; 2) Ocracoke Island; and 3) Post-disaster Reconstruction and Policies.

  3. The Outer Banks of North Carolina
    Author: Dolan, Robert ; Lins, Harry
    Publication: Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1986.
    Document: English : Book

    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1177-B. Analyzes the processes and hazards associated with coastal barrier islands. Includes references.

Ocracoke Island Home


Language & Dialect

Ocracoke is known for its unique local dialect, often referred to as "The Ocracoke Brogue." The sources below discuss the origins and linguistic aspects of this dialect.

  1. Hoi Toide on the Outer Banks: the Story of the Ocracoke Brogue 
    Author: Wolfram, Walt, 1941-; Schilling-Estes, Natalie.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1997
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Based on interviews with more than seventy Ocracoke natives. Explores pronunciations and origins of the Ocracoke Brogue. Includes references, bibliographic notes and index.

  2. The Ocracoke Brogue 
    Author: Wolfram, Walt,; Schilling-Estes, Natalie.
    Publication: [North Carolina : s.n.], 1997
    Document: English : Visual Material : Videorecording : VHS tape

    Video based on the authors' 1997 book, "Hoi Toide on the Outer Banks: the Story of the Ocracoke Brogue." Explores nuances of the Ocracoke Brogue through interviews of islanders.

  3. Ocracoke Dialect, Sayings and Superstitions
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.; Wren, Agnes.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : Live Oak Publications, 1994
    Document: English : Book

  4. Ocracoke Speaks the Distinct Sounds of the "Hoi Toide" Brogue
    Author: Childs, Becky.; Cloud, Ellen Marie.
    Publication: [North Carolina] : Ocracoke Preservation Society [and] North Carolina Language and Life Project, North Carolina State University, 1990s
    Document: English : Sound Recording : Non-music : Interviews : Cassette tape

  5. A Various language; Perspectives on American Dialects
    Author: Williamson, Juanita V. comp.; Burke, Virginia M.
    Publication: New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston 1971
    Document: English : Book

    An expansive work covering many different American dialects.

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Ocracoke in Wartimes

Ocracoke, due to its location, has played a unique role during wartimes as a first line of defense for the East Coast. The sources below provide more information on Ocracoke's role during times of war.

  1. The Civil War on the Outer Banks: A History of the Late Rebellion Along the Coast of North Carolina from Carteret to Currituck, with Comments on Prewar Conditions and an Account of Postwar Recovery 
    Author: Mallison, Fred M., 1924-
    Publication: Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., 2005, 1998
    Document: English : Book
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

  2. In Some Foreign Field : the Story of Four British Graves on the Outer Banks 
    Author: Naisawald, L. VanLoan 1920-
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Hatteras Monitor, 1997
    Document: English : Book

     The story of four British soldiers buried on Ocracoke and their ship, the H.M.S. Bedfordshire, a trawler sent to American waters in 1942 to protect Allied Ships.

  3. Ocracoke and Portsmouth islands in the Civil War 
    Author: Mallison, Fred M. Publication: 1994
    Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)--East Carolina University, 1994.
    Document: English : Thesis
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

  4. Ocracoke Island : its people, the U.S. Coast Guard and Navy Base During World War II
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: [Ocracoke, NC] : E.W. O'Neal, 2001
    Document: English : Book

     The History of World War II on Ocracoke, largely based on interviews with the author's family and other locals. Includes photographs. Does not include bibliography, but sources are credited throughout the work.

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Genealogy

Ocracoke is comprised today of many of the first families to settle on the island as many as seven generations earlier. Below are a few genealogical resources providing information on several of the 'big' Ocracoke names.

  1. From Whence We Came: the History of the Original Ocracoke Names
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Live Oak Publications, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    A history of the family names of the "founders" of the island, many of whom still have descendants on the island today.

  2. The Howard Family of Ocracoke Island, N.C.
    Author: Padgett, Dora Adele
    Publication: Washington, D.C. : [The author, 195-?]
    Document: English : Book

    Compiled by wills, deeds, and information supplied by family members. Covers roughly five generations of the Howard family.

  3. O'Neals of Ocracoke Island: Their Ancestors and Descendants
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.W. O'Neal, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    An exhaustive genealogical work of the O'Neal family by accomplished Ocracoke historian and author. Includes photos and facsimiles of documents. 550+ pages. Includes extensive index.

  4. RootsWeb Hyde County Genealogy Site
    Author: [Multiple]
    Document: Website
    URL: http://www.rootsweb.com/~enchyde/HYDE.HTM

    A useful site for genealogical and historical information of Hyde County and Ocracoke Island. Includes information on tax records, census data, wills, estates, etc. Site also includes historical information about Ocracoke written by Earl W. O'Neal, Jr.

  5. The Slave Inhabitants of Hyde County, 1860
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.F. Cloud, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    Based on Hyde County census data.

  6. Williams' of Ocracoke Island: Their Ancestors and Descendants
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.W. O'Neal, 1996
    Document: English : Book

    An exhaustive genealogical work of the O'Neal family by accomplished Ocracoke historian and author. Includes photos and facsimiles of documents. 700+ pages. Includes extensive index. INCLUDES SUPPLEMENT THAT IS NOT IN UNC-CH CATALOG: North Carolina Collection C929.2 W72ol suppl.

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Shipwrecks

The treacherous waters of the Outer Banks have caused a number of shipwrecks off of Ocracoke over hundreds of years. Below are resources further detailing many of these incidents.

  1. The Graveyard of the Atlantic: 400 Years of Shipwrecks, Mysteries and Heroic Rescues
    Author: Duffus, Kevin.; Leslie, Bill.
    Publication: Raleigh, NC : Video Marketing Group, 1997
    Document: English : Visual Material : Videorecording : VHS tape

  2. Graveyard of the Atlantic; Shipwrecks of the North Carolina Coast
    Author: Stick, David, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1952
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Includes bibliography and index. Recounts vessels which are definitely known to have been total wrecks from the 1500s to 1946.

  3. Shipwrecks of North Carolina from Hatteras Inlet South
    Author: Gentile, Gary, 1946-
    Publication: Philadelphia, PA : G. Gentile Productions, 1992
    Document: English : Book

    Authored by a diver; describes not only history of wrecks, but also current condition of wreckage. Does not include bibliography or index.

  4. Shipwrecks of Ocracoke Island
    Author: Williamson, Sonny.
    Publication: Marshallberg, NC : Grandma Publications, 2000
    Document: English : Book

    Covers wrecks from 1500s to 1942. Includes blbliography and index of names and index of vessels. Most comprehensive resource on wrecks off of Ocracoke Island.

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Blackbeard the Pirate

One of Ocracoke's great claims to fame is that the island was at one time a popular hide-out for Edward Teach, the infamous pirate most often known as Blackbeard. Ocracoke was also the place of Blackbeard's death in November of 1718, at the hands of Lieutenant Robert Maynard of the Royal Navy. Below are a few sources to provide information about Blackbeard, with particular emphasis on his time in and around Ocracoke.

  1. Blackbeard: America's Most Notorious Pirate
    Author: Konstam, Angus.
    Publication: Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    Includes extensive references, notes, and index. Particularly relevant chapters pertaining to Ocracoke: Chapter 7, p.181-208; Chapter 9, p.239-265.

  2. Blackbeard the Pirate: a Reappraisal of his Life and Times 
    Author: Lee, Robert E. 1906-
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : J.F. Blair, 1974
    Document: English : Book

    A unique resource that strives to assess what we know of Blackbeard's life within the historical context of that time. Thoroughly researched with notes for each chapter. Extensive bibliography and index. Particularly relevant chapters pertaining to Ocracoke: Chapter 8, p.78-93; Chapter 11, p.113-126.

  3. Blackbeard: the Real Pirate of the Caribbean
    Author: Parry, Dan.
    Publication: London : National Maritime Museum, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    Based on an historical television series produced by the British Broadcasting Channel (BBC), this source offers general information on what is known of Blackbeard's life.

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General Reference Resources

The following resources will assist researchers in gathering general informatoin on Ocracoke and, in some cases, point them towards other useful resources.

  1. Encyclopedia of North Carolina
    Author: Powell, William Stevens,; Mazzocchi, Jay.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    A comprehensive resource with many entries pertaining to Ocracoke. Useful reference sources in each entry to point researchers to additional resources.

  2. The North Carolina Gazetteer
    Author: Powell, William Stevens, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1968
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Includes brief info on many areas, towns, counties, regions, landforms, streams and rivers throughout NC. Includes several entries for geographical features pertaining to Ocracoke.

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Books

  1. 1997 County of Hyde, North Carolina Land Use Plan Update 
    Author: Gaskill, Monroe, et al.
    Publication: [S.l. : s.n., 1998]
    Document: English : Book

    An update from a 1992 Land Use Plan. Provides a snapshot of Ocracoke's demographics in 1997 and projected plans for development, land conservation and use, business, population stabilization, etc.

  2. The Best of the Hatteras Monitor 
    Publication: Frisco, NC : Hatteras Monitor, 2001-?
    Document: English : Book

    A compilation of articles from the Hatteras Monitor, a news magazine published north of Ocracoke in Frisco, N.C. 2 vols, 80+ articles.

  3. Blackbeard: America's Most Notorious Pirate
    Author: Konstam, Angus.
    Publication: Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    Includes extensive references, notes, and index. Particularly relevant chapters pertaining to Ocracoke: Chapter 7, p.181-208; Chapter 9, p.239-265.

  4. Blackbeard the Pirate: a Reappraisal of his Life and Times 
    Author: Lee, Robert E. 1906-
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : J.F. Blair, 1974
    Document: English : Book

    A unique resource that strives to assess what we know of Blackbeard's life within the historical context of that time. Thoroughly researched with notes for each chapter. Extensive bibliography and index. Particularly relevant chapters pertaining to Ocracoke: Chapter 8, p.78-93; Chapter 11, p.113-126.

  5. Blackbeard: the Real Pirate of the Caribbean
    Author: Parry, Dan.
    Publication: London : National Maritime Museum, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    Based on an historical television series produced by the British Broadcasting Channel (BBC), this source offers general information on what is known of Blackbeard's life.

  6. The Civil War on the Outer Banks: A History of the Late Rebellion Along the Coast of North Carolina from Carteret to Currituck, with Comments on Prewar Conditions and an Account of Postwar Recovery 
    Author: Mallison, Fred M., 1924-
    Publication: Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., 2005, 1998
    Document: English : Book
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

  7. The Federal Census of Ocracoke Island, 1790-1910
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : Live Oak Publications, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    Information compiled by author based on census data. Includes glassary of abbreviations.

  8. From Whence We Came: the History of the Original Ocracoke Names
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Live Oak Publications, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    A history of the family names of the "founders" of the island, many of whom still have descendants on the island today.

  9. Graveyard of the Atlantic; Shipwrecks of the North Carolina Coast
    Author: Stick, David, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1952
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Includes bibliography and index. Recounts vessels which are definitely known to have been total wrecks from the 1500s to 1946.

  10. Hoi Toide on the Outer Banks: the Story of the Ocracoke Brogue 
    Author: Wolfram, Walt, 1941-; Schilling-Estes, Natalie.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1997
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Based on interviews with more than seventy Ocracoke natives. Explores pronunciations and origins of the Ocracoke Brogue. Includes references, bibliographic notes and index.

  11. Hyde County, North Carolina, 1992 CAMA Land Use Plan 
    Author: prepared by Holland Consulting Planners, Inc.
    Publication: [Hyde County, N.C.? : The County?, 1992]
    Document: English : Book

    Analysis of then-current Ocracoke demographics, with projected land use plans. Divided into three sections: 1) Hyde County Mainland; 2) Ocracoke Island; and 3) Post-disaster Reconstruction and Policies.

  12. The Howard Family of Ocracoke Island, N.C.
    Author: Padgett, Dora Adele
    Publication: Washington, D.C. : [The author, 195-?]
    Document: English : Book

    Compiled by wills, deeds, and information supplied by family members. Covers roughly five generations of the Howard family.

  13. In Some Foreign Field : the Story of Four British Graves on the Outer Banks 
    Author: Naisawald, L. VanLoan 1920-
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Hatteras Monitor, 1997
    Document: English : Book

     The story of four British soldiers buried on Ocracoke and their ship, the H.M.S. Bedfordshire, a trawler sent to American waters in 1942 to protect Allied Ships.

  14. Ocracoke 
    Author: Goerch, Carl, 1891?-1974.
    Publication: Raleigh, N.C. [Edwards and Broughton Co.] 1956
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    A memoir. Author's descriptions of Ocracoke as he saw and experienced it in the 1950s offer historical merit.

  15. Ocracoke Album
    Author: Dudley, Jack.
    Publication: Morehead City, NC : J. Dudley ; Coastal Heritage Series, 2005
    Document: English : Book

    A collection of historical photographs from the 1890s to 1950s. Provides a great deal of historical information. Photographs are annotated.

  16. Ocracoke Dialect, Sayings and Superstitions
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.; Wren, Agnes.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : Live Oak Publications, 1994
    Document: English : Book

  17. Ocracoke in the Fifties
    Author: Wright, Dare.; Ashley, Brook,; Ogilvie, John.
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : John F. Blair, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    By fashion photographer Dare Wright. Comprised of photographs of islanders fishing, pony penning, and many photographs of storms.

  18. Ocracoke Island: its People, the U.S. Coast Guard and Navy Base During World War II
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: [Ocracoke, NC] : E.W. O'Neal, 2001
    Document: English : Book

     The History of World War II on Ocracoke, largely based on interviews with the author's family and other locals. Includes photographs. Does not include bibliography, but sources are credited throughout the work.

  19. Ocracoke Island: Pearl of the Outer Banks
    Author: Bragg, Cecil S., b. 1895.
    Publication: Manteo, N.C. : Times Print. Co., 1973
    Document: English : Book

    A memoir. Includes original poetry by author.

  20. Ocracoke Island: Peeking Through the Keyhole of Memory
    Author: Doolittle, Myrtle.
    Publication: Charlotte, N.C. : Herb Eaton Historical Publications, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    The author's reflections on her time spent on Ocracoke.

  21. Ocracoke Island Stories: Part of the History
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: [Ocracoke, N.C.] : E.W. O'Neal, 2004
    Document: English : Book
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

  22. Ocracoke, its History and People
    Author: Shears, David, 1926-
    Publication: Washington, D.C. : Starfish Press, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    3rd edition. Author provides colorful history of Ocracoke, based primarily on natives' stories.

  23. Ocracoke Lighthouse
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Spartanburg, S.C. : Reprint Co., 1993
    Document: English : Book

    A history of the Ocracoke Lighthouse and its keepers. Includes endnotes, photo and illustration credits, glossary, and index.

  24. Ocracoke Odyssey : a Naturalist's Reflections on Her Home by the Sea
    Author: Garber, Pat.
    Publication: Asheboro, NC : Down Home Press, 1999
    Document: English : Book

    The author's memoirs of living on Ocracoke and experiencing its unique ecology.

  25. Ocracoke Portrait
    Author: Ehringhaus, Ann Sebrell, 1949-
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : J.F. Blair, 1988
    Document: English : Book

    A beautiful collection of photography from the 20th century by an Ocracoke native.

  26. Ocracoke Wild: a Naturalist's Year on an Outer Banks island
    Author: Garber, Pat.
    Publication: Asheboro, N.C. : Down Home Press, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    A compilation of articles by the author that were originally published in the periodical "Island Breeze." Articles pertain to author's environmental and ecological experiences on the island. Note: author was the first kayak tour guide on Ocracoke.

  27. Ocracokers 
    Author: Ballance, Alton.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    Authored by an Ocracoke native. Recounts tales from "old-timers" on the island, providing an original, colorful history. Also discusses issues the island faces as tourism flourishes.

  28. Old Salt
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Havelock, N.C. : Print Shop, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    The author's effort to "preserve the hisotry of the sea-faring men of Ocracoke." Includes maps and facsimiles of original documents.

  29. O'Neals of Ocracoke Island: Their Ancestors and Descendants
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.W. O'Neal, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    An exhaustive genealogical work of the O'Neal family by accomplished Ocracoke historian and author. Includes photos and facsimiles of documents. 550+ pages. Includes extensive index.

  30. The Outer Banks of North Carolina
    Author: Dolan, Robert ; Lins, Harry
    Publication: Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1986.
    Document: English : Book

    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1177-B. Analyzes the processes and hazards associated with coastal barrier islands. Includes references.

  31. The Outer Banks of North Carolina, 1584-1958 
    Author: Stick, David, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1958
    Document: English : Book

    Covers history of the Outer Banks of North Carolina, with a significant amount of information on Ocracoke interspersed throughout. Includes references and bibliographical notes. Extensive index.

  32. Precious Memories of Ocracoke
    Author: Snead, Dolores Cullifer.
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Hatteras Monitor, 1991
    Document: English : Book

    The author's personal and family history on Ocracoke.

  33. Shipwrecks of North Carolina from Hatteras Inlet South
    Author: Gentile, Gary, 1946-
    Publication: Philadelphia, PA : G. Gentile Productions, 1992
    Document: English : Book

    Authored by a diver; describes not only history of wrecks, but also current condition of wreckage. Does not include bibliography or index.

  34. Shipwrecks of Ocracoke Island
    Author: Williamson, Sonny.
    Publication: Marshallberg, NC : Grandma Publications, 2000
    Document: English : Book

    Covers wrecks from 1500s to 1942. Includes blbliography and index of names and index of vessels. Most comprehensive resource on wrecks off of Ocracoke Island.

  35. The Slave Inhabitants of Hyde County, 1860
    Author: Cloud, Ellen Fulcher.
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.F. Cloud, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    Based on Hyde County census data.

  36. The Story of Ocracoke Island: A Hyde County Bicentennial Project
    Author: O'Neal, Calvin J.; Rondthaler, Alice K.
    Publication: Charlotte, N.C. : Herb Eaton, Inc. ; Marceline, Mo. : Walsworth Pub. Co., 1976
    Document: English : Book

    Provides a broad array of historical information pertaining to Ocracoke.

  37. To Ocracoke!: Boyhood Summers on the Outer Banks
    Author: Mallison, Fred M., 1924-
    Publication: Columbia, NC : Sweet Bay Tree Books, 2000
    Document: English : Book

    The author's acocunt of his summers spent on the island as a young boy.

  38. A Various Language; Perspectives on American Dialects
    Author: Williamson, Juanita V. comp.; Burke, Virginia M.
    Publication: New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston 1971
    Document: English : Book

    An expansive work covering many different American dialects.

  39. Williams' of Ocracoke Island: Their Ancestors and Descendants
    Author: O'Neal, Earl William, 1929-
    Publication: Ocracoke, NC : E.W. O'Neal, 1996
    Document: English : Book

    An exhaustive genealogical work of the O'Neal family by accomplished Ocracoke historian and author. Includes photos and facsimiles of documents. 700+ pages. Includes extensive index. INCLUDES SUPPLEMENT THAT IS NOT IN UNC-CH CATALOG: North Carolina Collection C929.2 W72ol suppl.

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Electronic Resources

  1. Encyclopedia of North Carolina
    Author: Powell, William Stevens,; Mazzocchi, Jay.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    A comprehensive resource with many entries pertaining to Ocracoke. Useful reference sources in each entry to point researchers to additional resources.

  2. Graveyard of the Atlantic; Shipwrecks of the North Carolina Coast
    Author: Stick, David, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1952
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Includes bibliography and index. Recounts vessels which are definitely known to have been total wrecks from the 1500s to 1946.

  3. Hoi toide on the Outer Banks : the story of the Ocracoke brogue 
    Author: Wolfram, Walt, 1941-; Schilling-Estes, Natalie.
    Publication: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1997
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Based on interviews with more than seventy Ocracoke natives. Explores pronunciations and origins of the Ocracoke Brogue. Includes references, bibliographic notes and index.

  4. The North Carolina Gazetteer
    Author: Powell, William Stevens, 1919-
    Publication: Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press 1968
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Includes brief info on many areas, towns, counties, regions, landforms, streams and rivers throughout NC. Includes several entries for geographical features pertaining to Ocracoke.

  5. Ocracoke 
    Author: Goerch, Carl, 1891?-1974.
    Publication: Raleigh, N.C. [Edwards and Broughton Co.] 1956
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    A memoir. Author's descriptions of Ocracoke as he saw and experienced it in the 1950s offer historical merit.

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Websites

Below are websites available on the free web that would be useful to Ocracoke researchers.

  1. RootsWeb Hyde County Genealogy Site
    Author: [Multiple]
    Document: Website
    URL: http://www.rootsweb.com/~enchyde/HYDE.HTM

    A useful site for genealogical and historical information of Hyde County and Ocracoke Island. Includes information on tax records, census data, wills, estates, etc. Site also includes historical information about Ocracoke written by Earl W. O'Neal, Jr.

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Newspapers & Serials

Print Newspapers

  1. Hatteras Monitor
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Richard Jones, 1986-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly

    A periodical produced in Frisco, North Carolina, the Hatteras Monitor frequently runs articles and information about Ocracoke.

  2. The Mullet Wrapper
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Ocracoke Preservation Society, 1997-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Semiannual (twice a year)
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

    Produced by the Ocracoke Preservation Society, this newsletter is distributed to its members semi-annually. Provides updates on the Preservation Society's projects and goals.

  3. North Carolina Collection Clipping File Through 1975: Subject,
    vol. 126

    Publication: [1900-1975]
    Document: English : Book (Compilation)

    Collections of articles, primarily from North Carolina newspapers, regarding specific subjects. Researcher should consult vol. 126, and look under the heading "Ocracoke."

  4. Ocracoke Island Beacon
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Aycock Brown, 1941-1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Semimonthly (twice a month)
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

    Earliest known issue: October 15, 1941. Latest known issue: December 15, 1941.

  5. Ocracoke Observer
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : 19??-
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly

    A free newspaper currently produced on Ocracoke monthly. A useful guide for events on Ocracoke, ferry schedules, library hours, and articles by locals about happenings on the island. Click here for subscription details.

Microform Newspapers

  1. Ocracoke Island News 
    Author: Rondthaler, Alice K.
    Publication: [Ocracoke, N.C. : Ocracoke School 1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Bimonthly (every 2 months) : Microform

    Earliest known issue: August 1, 1965. Latest known issue: June 1, 1967.

  2. Ocracoke School News 
    Publication: Ocracoke, N.C. : Harold Wahab 1940s-1900s
    Document: English : Serial Publication : Newspaper : Monthly : Microform

    Earliest known issue: September 1955. Latest known issue: March, 1959.

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Government Documents

  1. 1997 County of Hyde, North Carolina Land Use Plan Update 
    Author: Gaskill, Monroe, et al.
    Publication: [S.l. : s.n., 1998]
    Document: English : Book

    An update from a 1992 Land Use Plan. Provides a snapshot of Ocracoke's demographics in 1997 and projected plans for development, land conservation and use, business, population stabilization, etc.

  2. Hyde County, North Carolina, 1992 CAMA Land Use Plan 
    Author: prepared by Holland Consulting Planners, Inc.
    Publication: [Hyde County, N.C.? : The County?, 1992]
    Document: English : Book

    Analysis of then-current Ocracoke demographics, with projected land use plans. Divided into three sections: 1) Hyde County Mainland; 2) Ocracoke Island; and 3) Post-disaster Reconstruction and Policies.

  3. The Outer Banks of North Carolina
    Author: Dolan, Robert ; Lins, Harry
    Publication: Washington: U.S. G.P.O., 1986.
    Document: English : Book

    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1177-B. Analyzes the processes and hazards associated with coastal barrier islands. Includes references.

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Pictorial Works

All resources below provide images documenting Ocracoke's history.

  1. Ocracoke Album
    Author: Dudley, Jack.
    Publication: Morehead City, NC : J. Dudley ; Coastal Heritage Series, 2005
    Document: English : Book

    A collection of historical photographs from the 1890s to 1950s. Provides a great deal of historical information. Photographs are annotated.

  2. Ocracoke in the Fifties
    Author: Wright, Dare.; Ashley, Brook,; Ogilvie, John.
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : John F. Blair, 2006
    Document: English : Book

    By fashion photographer Dare Wright. Comprised of photographs of islanders fishing, pony penning, and many photographs of storms.

  3. Ocracoke Portrait
    Author: Ehringhaus, Ann Sebrell, 1949-
    Publication: Winston-Salem, N.C. : J.F. Blair, 1988
    Document: English : Book

    A beautiful collection of photography from the 20th century by an Ocracoke native.

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Memoirs

While memoirs written by those who have enjoyed Ocracoke are often not researched extensively, they do provide an invaluable perspective of the island as it was at the time of their writing.

  1. Ocracoke 
    Author: Goerch, Carl, 1891?-1974.
    Publication: Raleigh, N.C. [Edwards and Broughton Co.] 1956
    Document: English : Book : Electronic Resource

    Primarily a memoir, but the author's descriptions of Ocracoke as he saw and experienced it in the 1950s offers historical merit.

  2. Ocracoke Island: Pearl of the Outer Banks
    Author: Bragg, Cecil S., b. 1895.
    Publication: Manteo, N.C. : Times Print. Co., 1973
    Document: English : Book

    Primarily a memoir, but author provides valuable historical information, as well. Includes author's original poetry.

  3. Ocracoke Island: Peeking Through the Keyhole of Memory
    Author: Doolittle, Myrtle.
    Publication: Charlotte, N.C. : Herb Eaton Historical Publications, 1989
    Document: English : Book

    The author's reflections on her time spent on Ocracoke.

  4. Ocracoke Odyssey : a Naturalist's Reflections on Her Home by the Sea
    Author: Garber, Pat.
    Publication: Asheboro, NC : Down Home Press, 1999
    Document: English : Book

    The author's memoirs of living on Ocracoke and experiencing its unique ecology.

  5. Ocracoke Wild: a Naturalist's Year on an Outer Banks island
    Author: Garber, Pat.
    Publication: Asheboro, N.C. : Down Home Press, 1995
    Document: English : Book

    A compilation of articles by the author that were originally published in the periodical "Island Breeze." Articles pertain to author's environmental and ecological experiences on the island. Note: author was the first kayak tour guide on Ocracoke.

  6. Precious Memories of Ocracoke
    Author: Snead, Dolores Cullifer.
    Publication: Frisco, N.C. : Hatteras Monitor, 1991
    Document: English : Book

    The author's personal and family history on Ocracoke.

  7. To Ocracoke!: Boyhood Summers on the Outer Banks
    Author: Mallison, Fred M., 1924-
    Publication: Columbia, NC : Sweet Bay Tree Books, 2000
    Document: English : Book

    The author's acocunt of his summers spent on the island as a young boy.

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Compilations

  1. The Best of the Hatteras Monitor 
    Publication: Frisco, NC : Hatteras Monitor, 2001-?
    Document: English : Book

    A compilation of articles from the Hatteras Monitor, a news magazine published north of Ocracoke in Frisco, N.C. 2 vols, 80+ articles.

  2. [Hyde County Folders, Brochures, Pamphlets, etc.]
    Document: English : Compilation/Collection

    Articles, pamphlets, brochures, etc from the 1970s to present pertaining to Hyde County, heavily concentrated on Ocracoke. Most information is related to tourism.

  3. [Hyde County Local Documents] 
    Publication: 1965-1997
    Document: English : Compilation/Collection

    A variety of Hyde County documents, mostly from the 1960s and 1970s. Much of the information pertains to education, land use and development, and business and economic development.

  4. North Carolina Collection Clipping File Through 1975: Subject,
    vol. 126

    Publication: [1900-1975]
    Document: English : Book (Compilation)

    Collections of articles, primarily from North Carolina newspapers, regarding specific subjects. Researcher should consult vol. 126, and look under the heading "Ocracoke."

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Theses & Dissertations

  1. Ocracoke and Portsmouth islands in the Civil War 
    Author: Mallison, Fred M. Publication: 1994
    Dissertation: Thesis (M.A.)--East Carolina University, 1994.
    Document: English : Thesis
    Request through Interlibrary Loan

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Audio/Visual

  1. The Graveyard of the Atlantic: 400 Years of Shipwrecks, Mysteries and Heroic Rescues
    Author: Duffus, Kevin.; Leslie, Bill.
    Publication: Raleigh, NC : Video Marketing Group, 1997
    Document: English : Visual Material : Videorecording : VHS tape

  2. The Ocracoke Brogue 
    Author: Wolfram, Walt,; Schilling-Estes, Natalie.
    Publication: [North Carolina : s.n.], 1997
    Document: English : Visual Material : Videorecording : VHS tape

    Video based on the authors' 1997 book, "Hoi Toide on the Outer Banks: the Story of the Ocracoke Brogue." Explores nuances of the Ocracoke Brogue through interviews of islanders.

  3. Ocracoke Speaks the Distinct Sounds of the "Hoi Toide" Brogue
    Author: Childs, Becky.; Cloud, Ellen Marie.
    Publication: [North Carolina] : Ocracoke Preservation Society [and] North Carolina Language and Life Project, North Carolina State University, 1990s
    Document: English : Sound Recording : Non-music : Interviews : Cassette tape

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Libraries & Collections

There is a great deal of information available to Ocracoke researchers. Unfortunately, much of that information is accessible only by traveling to certain physical collections, most of which are on Ocracoke. Below are a few particularly useful collections to the Ocracoke Researcher.

  1. Ocracoke Preservation Society Museum and Library

    Located on Ocracoke Island, both the museum and the library provide invaluable sources of information to researchers. The library contains a unique collection of genealogical sources, scrapbooks, and other resources. Resources are available for review by appointment. The museum is comprised of historical artifacts embodying Ocracoke's history.

  2. Ocracoke Public Library

    Functioning as a library for both the Ocracoke School and for the public, the Ocracoke Public Library also has a unique collection of documents such as photos, scrapbooks, and locals' journals that are not accessible via the online catalog. Researchers must travel to the library to utilize these resources.

  3. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's North Carolina Collection

    While many resources on this subject guide are from the North Carolina Collection, there is more to be found therein. Particularly, materials that are not in the UNC-CH electronic library catalog were not included in the guide. Researchers can consult the card catalog in the North Carolina Collection for more information. Researchers should also note that the stacks in the North Carolina Collection are closed, and thus resources will have to be requested via the reference librarians.

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Using this guide

The guide is organized so that users may review the sources provided by two different methods: by subject, or by publication type.

To review sources in the guide by subject, simply refer to the sidebar located on the left side of the website. In the sidebar, all subjects the guide covers are listed. By clicking on one of the subjects, you will be immediately linked to the appropriate information. The sidebar and list of subjects will always be accessible to the user, regardless of location within the website.

You may also browse the sources provided in the guide by clicking in the top right corner of the website on "Browse by Publication Type." In this section, all sources within the subject categories are re-organized by publication type. For example, this section of the guide will list all pertinent newspapers together, all web resources together, all books together, etc. Users will always find the "Browse by Publication" link at the top of the website, as well as links to take you back to the homepage and to this instuctional page.

At the top of the site, users will also find a "Research Tips" link. This section includes a list of useful Subject Headings for catalog searching purposes.

If you encounter problems while using the guide, please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have.

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Research Tips

Below is a list of Subject Headings that will be useful to researchers in searching the catalog for information about or relating to Ocracoke, ordered alphabetically. Each subject heading is a link to a list of sources in UNC-CH's catalog that are categorized in that particular subject.

English language -- Dialects -- North Carolina -- Ocracoke Island.
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.)  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Bathymetric maps.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Description and travel.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- History.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Maps.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Maps -- Early works to 1800.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Maps -- Early works to 1800 -- Facsimiles.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Navigation.  
Ocracoke Inlet (N.C.) -- Navigation -- History.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.)  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Biography.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Census.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Description.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Description and travel.
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Drama.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Economic conditions.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Environmental conditions.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Fiction.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Gazetteers.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Genealogy.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Guidebooks.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- History.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Juvenile fiction.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Maps.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Periodicals.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Photographs.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Pictorial works.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Planning.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Poetry.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Quotations, maxims, etc.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Social conditions.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Social life and customs.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Social life and customs -- 20th century.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Social life and customs -- Pictorial works.  
Ocracoke Island (N.C.) -- Songs and music.  
Ocracoke Island Region (N.C.) -- Bathymetric maps.  
Ocracoke Library.  
Ocracoke Lighthouse (N.C.)  
Ocracoke Lighthouse (N.C.) -- History.  
Ocracoke (N.C.)  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Cemeteries.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Description and travel.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Drama.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Fiction.
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- History.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Maps.
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Newspapers.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Photographs.  
Ocracoke (N.C.) -- Pictorial works.  
Ocracoke United Methodist Church (Ocracoke Island, N.C.)  
Pirates -- North Carolina -- Atlantic Coast -- Biography.
Pirates -- North Carolina -- History.
Pirates -- North Carolina.
Teach, Edward, d. 1718.
World War, 1939-1945 -- North Carolina -- Ocracoke Island.

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