This finding aid is designed to assist in research on sociological aspects
of textile mills, mill villages, and mill life in North Carolina. Leah
McGinnis, a graduate student in the School of Information and Library
Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, completed
the guide on June 6, 1995. The North Carolina Collection staff made revisions
in December 1996.
The holdings of the North Carolina Collection are vast and diverse. Researchers
working in the Collection may identify other sources of information in
addition to those described here. Reference assistance from the staff
North Carolina Collection is available in the department's Reading Room
on the second floor of Wilson Library.
Entries in the North Carolina Collection Catalog
Textile Industry Subject
N.C. --COTTON GROWING
N.C. --COTTON MANUFACTURE
N.C. --HOSIERY INDUSTRY
N.C. --INDUSTRIES AND RESOURCES
N.C. --KNIT GOODS INDUSTRY
N.C. --TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FABRICS
N.C. --TEXTILE FACTORIES
N.C. --TEXTILE MACHINERY
N.C. --TRADE UNIONS
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA--[COUNTY NAME]
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA--HISTORY--"19TH CENTURY" or
TRADE UNIONS--NORTH CAROLINA
Mill Workers and Mill Life Subject Headings
COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH
CAROLINA--"EMPLOYEES" OR "HISTORY"
GASTONIA (NC)--TEXTILE WORKERS STRIKE, 1929
N.C.--LABOR AND LABORING CLASSES
TEXTILE WORKERS--HEALTH AND HYGIENE--NORTH CAROLINA (for entries on Brown
Lung Disease or Byssinosis)
TEXTILE WORKERS--[CITY NAME] OR [COUNTY NAME]
TEXTILE WORKERS' STRIKE, GASTONIA, NC, 1929
[CITY NAME] OR [COUNTY NAME]--SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS
N.C.--TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND
Fieldcrest Mill Whistle (1954-)
Southern Textile News (1951 - ,Charlotte) FC677.05 S72
Southern Textile Bulletin (1911-1933, Charlotte) C677 / T35b (1911-1933)
(for some early volumes, VC677 / T35b.) continues Textile Bulletin (1933-1971,
Textile Equipment (1968 - , Charlotte) FC677.028 T35
Textile Forum (1949-1968, Raleigh) C677 T35f
Textile Hi-lights (1962- ) C677 T35h
Textiles Incorporated--annual report (1955- , Gastonia) C677 T35r
Textiles Review (1946-1978, Gastonia) FC 677.1 T35 continued by
Ti-Caro Views (1979 - ) FC677.1 T35.1
The Textorian / Cone Mills Corporation (1956-1978, Greensboro) FFC677.1
Entries for prominent mills
in North Carolina can be located in the catalog under the name of the
mill or the family that owned the mill. Examples of items that may be
identified through such a search are annual reports, historical sketches
or writings of mill owners, and promotional materials. A few examples
are listed below:
American & Efird Mills
(Mount Holly, NC)
Holt family (Edwin M.) (Alamance Co.)
O'Dell family (Concord, NC)
Cone Mills Corporation (Greensboro, NC)
Glen Raven Mills, Inc. (Glen Raven, NC)
Fieldcrest Mills (Eden, NC) SEE ALSO Fieldcrest Cannon, Inc.
Superior Yarn Mills
James W. Cannon
Cannon Mills Company (Concord, NC)
J.P. Stevens & Co.
Blue Bell, Inc. (Greensboro, NC)
Marshall Field and Co.
MacRae, Hugh (Hugh MacRae & Co., Wilmington)
Harriet Laura Herring
Clipping Collection (1926-1939) Chapel Hill: North Carolina Collection,
Call number: Film C331.8 H56h
Index: Cp016.331 H29n
Primarily newspaper and magazine
clippings with some correspondence, pamphlets, and miscellaneous items
dealing with the Southern textile industry, workers, and labor organization
Harriet Laura Herring Pamphlet Collection.
Call number: FVC331.8 H56p
Pamphlets, newletters, and
similar items from 1927-1937.
NCC Clipping File
The North Carolina Collection's subject clipping file is a collection
of articles, primarily from newspapers, on North Carolina-related subjects.
The clippings are in two sets. The first of these contains articles through
1975, and the second has articles from 1976-1989. Current clippings can
be requested at the North Carolina Collection Reference Counter.
Consult these subjects:
Brown Lung Disease
Cotton Manufacturers' Association
Mills and Milling
Textile Code (1933)
Textile Employment Forum (EEOC)
Textile Industry and Fabrics
Textile Manufacturers Association
Textile Workers Union of America
Andrews, Mildred Gwin. The Men and the Mills: A History of the Southern
Textile Industry. Macon, GA: Mercer, 1987.
Barnwell, Mrs. Mildred Gwin.
Faces We See. Gastonia: The Southern Combed Yarn Spinners' Association,
(A picture essay of mill life in Gaston County, NC.)
Beatty, Bess. "Textile
Labor in the North Carolina Piedmont: Mill Owner Images and Mill Worker
Response, 1830-1900." Extract from Labor History, vol. 25, no.
4 (Fall 1984).
Cash, Wilbur J. The Mind of
the South. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1941. C917 C33m
Clark's Directory of Southern
Textile Mills. 1912-1970. Charlotte: Clark Publishing Co. (semi-annual).
Conway, Mimi. Rise Gonna
Rise: A Portrait of Southern Textile Workers. New York: Anchor Books,
(A portrait of Roanoke Rapids, NC, that addresses important issues such
as protest in the industry and brown lung disease.)
Glass, Brent D. The Textile
Industry in North Carolina: A History. Raleigh: Division of Archives
and History, NC Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1992.
(A history that addresses the social changes that accompanied the rise
of the textile industry.)
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd et. al.
Cotton Mill People: Work, Community, and Protest in the Textile South,
1880-1940. Washington, D.C.: American Historical Association, 1986.
Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, et.al.
Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. Chapel
Hill: UNC Press, 1987.
(A study of the mill village community based on oral history interviews
in the Carolinas.)
Herring, Harriet Laura. Passing
of the Mill Village: Revolution in a Southern Institution. Chapel
Hill: UNC Press, 1949.
(Studies the social effects on the community when mill homes are sold.)
Hodges, James A. New Deal
Labor Policy and the Southern Cotton Textile Industry, 1933-1941.
Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1986
Leiter, Jeffrey, Michael D.
Schulman, and Rhonda Zingraff, eds. Hanging By a Thread: Social Change
in Southern Textiles. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1991.
McHugh, Cathy L. Mill Family:
the Labor System in the Southern Cotton Textile Industry, 1880-1915.
NY: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Mitchell, Broadus. The
Rise of Cotton Mills in the South. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press,
Pope, Liston. Millhands
and Preachers: A Study of Gastonia. New Haven: Yale University Press,
Rhyne, Jennings Jefferson.
Some Southern Cotton Mill Workers and Their Villages. Chapel
Hill: UNC Press, 1930.
(A largely quantitative social study of workers in Gaston Co, NC.)
Standard, Diffee W. and Richard
W. Griffin "The Cotton Textile Industry in Ante-Bellum North Carolina,"
in North Carolina Historical Review vol. 34, nos. 1-2. (January-April
C970 N87hi v. 34 nos. 1-2 or
Cp 970 N87hi v. 34 nos. 1-2
Tompkins, Daniel A. Cotton
Mill, Commercial Features: A Text-Book for the use of Textile Schools
and Investors. Charlotte, NC: D. A. Tompkins, 1899.
(Useful sociological study that shows cost of machinery, equipment, and
mill houses, including floor plans)
Young, James Richard, ed. Textile
Leaders of the South. Anderson, S.C., 1963.
Institute for Southern Studies,
comp. "Textile Resources" in Southern Exposure vol.
3, no. 4 (Winter 1976).
C917 S72i v. 3 n. 4
Tucker, Mae S. Textiles: A
Bibliography of the Materials in the Textile Collection at the Public
Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County.