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TEXTILE MILLS, MILL VILLAGES, AND MILL LIFE IN NORTH CAROLINA: A SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE


This finding aid is designed to assist in research on sociological aspects of textile mills, mill villages, and mill life in North Carolina. Leah McGinnis, a graduate student in the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, completed the guide on June 6, 1995. The North Carolina Collection staff made revisions in December 1996.
The holdings of the North Carolina Collection are vast and diverse. Researchers working in the Collection may identify other sources of information in addition to those described here. Reference assistance from the staff North Carolina Collection is available in the department's Reading Room on the second floor of Wilson Library.


Entries in the North Carolina Collection Catalog

Textile Industry Subject Headings

N.C. --COTTON GROWING
N.C. --COTTON MANUFACTURE
N.C. --FACTORIES
N.C. --HOSIERY INDUSTRY
N.C. --INDUSTRIES AND RESOURCES
N.C. --KNIT GOODS INDUSTRY
N.C. --TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FABRICS
N.C. --TEXTILE FACTORIES
N.C. --TEXTILE MACHINERY
N.C. --TRADE UNIONS
N.C. --STRIKES
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA--[COUNTY NAME]
TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA--HISTORY--"19TH CENTURY" or "20TH CENTURY"
TRADE UNIONS--NORTH CAROLINA


Mill Workers and Mill Life Subject Headings

COTTON TEXTILE INDUSTRY--NORTH CAROLINA--"EMPLOYEES" OR "HISTORY"
GASTONIA (NC)--TEXTILE WORKERS STRIKE, 1929
N.C.--LABOR AND LABORING CLASSES
N.C.--MILL SCHOOLS
N.C.--MILL VILLAGES
N.C.--TEXTILE WORKERS
TEXTILE WORKERS--HEALTH AND HYGIENE--NORTH CAROLINA (for entries on Brown Lung Disease or Byssinosis)
TEXTILE WORKERS--[CITY NAME] OR [COUNTY NAME]
TEXTILE WORKERS' STRIKE, GASTONIA, NC, 1929
[CITY NAME] OR [COUNTY NAME]--SOCIAL LIFE AND CUSTOMS


Periodicals

N.C.--TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FABRICS--PERIODICALS

Fieldcrest Mill Whistle (1954-) C677.1 F45
Southern Textile News (1951 - ,Charlotte) FC677.05 S72
Southern Textile Bulletin (1911-1933, Charlotte) C677 / T35b (1911-1933) (for some early volumes, VC677 / T35b.) continues Textile Bulletin (1933-1971, Charlotte)
Textile Equipment (1968 - , Charlotte) FC677.028 T35
Textile Forum (1949-1968, Raleigh) C677 T35f
Textile Hi-lights (1962- ) C677 T35h
Textiles Incorporated--annual report (1955- , Gastonia) C677 T35r
Textiles Review (1946-1978, Gastonia) FC 677.1 T35 continued by
Ti-Caro Views (1979 - ) FC677.1 T35.1
The Textorian / Cone Mills Corporation (1956-1978, Greensboro) FFC677.1 T35c


Mill Names

Entries for prominent mills in North Carolina can be located in the catalog under the name of the mill or the family that owned the mill. Examples of items that may be identified through such a search are annual reports, historical sketches or writings of mill owners, and promotional materials. A few examples are listed below:

American & Efird Mills (Mount Holly, NC)
Holt family (Edwin M.) (Alamance Co.)
O'Dell family (Concord, NC)
Cone Mills Corporation (Greensboro, NC)
Glen Raven Mills, Inc. (Glen Raven, NC)
Burlington Industries
Fieldcrest Mills (Eden, NC) SEE ALSO Fieldcrest Cannon, Inc.
Superior Yarn Mills
James W. Cannon
Cannon Mills Company (Concord, NC)
J.P. Stevens & Co.
Blue Bell, Inc. (Greensboro, NC)
Marshall Field and Co.
MacRae, Hugh (Hugh MacRae & Co., Wilmington)


Other Resources

Harriet Laura Herring Clipping Collection (1926-1939) Chapel Hill: North Carolina Collection, 1982.
Call number: Film C331.8 H56h
Index: Cp016.331 H29n

Primarily newspaper and magazine clippings with some correspondence, pamphlets, and miscellaneous items dealing with the Southern textile industry, workers, and labor organization from 1926-1939.


Harriet Laura Herring Pamphlet Collection.
Call number: FVC331.8 H56p

Pamphlets, newletters, and similar items from 1927-1937.

NCC Clipping File


The North Carolina Collection's subject clipping file is a collection of articles, primarily from newspapers, on North Carolina-related subjects. The clippings are in two sets. The first of these contains articles through 1975, and the second has articles from 1976-1989. Current clippings can be requested at the North Carolina Collection Reference Counter.

Consult these subjects:
Brown Lung Disease
Cotton--Manufacture
Cotton Manufacturers' Association
Cotton Mills
Mill Villages
Mills and Milling
Textile Code (1933)
Textile Education
Textile Employment Forum (EEOC)
Textile Industry
Textile Industry and Fabrics
Textile Industry--Employees
Textile Industry--History
Textile Manufacturers Association
Textile Workers Union of America

General Reading


Andrews, Mildred Gwin. The Men and the Mills: A History of the Southern Textile Industry. Macon, GA: Mercer, 1987.
C677 A56m

Barnwell, Mrs. Mildred Gwin. Faces We See. Gastonia: The Southern Combed Yarn Spinners' Association, 1939.
(A picture essay of mill life in Gaston County, NC.)
C331 B26f

Beatty, Bess. "Textile Labor in the North Carolina Piedmont: Mill Owner Images and Mill Worker Response, 1830-1900." Extract from Labor History, vol. 25, no. 4 (Fall 1984).
Cp331.8 B369t

Cash, Wilbur J. The Mind of the South. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1941. C917 C33m

Clark's Directory of Southern Textile Mills. 1912-1970. Charlotte: Clark Publishing Co. (semi-annual).
C677 C59

Conway, Mimi. Rise Gonna Rise: A Portrait of Southern Textile Workers. New York: Anchor Books, 1979.
(A portrait of Roanoke Rapids, NC, that addresses important issues such as protest in the industry and brown lung disease.)
C331.8 C76r1

Glass, Brent D. The Textile Industry in North Carolina: A History. Raleigh: Division of Archives and History, NC Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1992.
(A history that addresses the social changes that accompanied the rise of the textile industry.)
C677 G54t

Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd et. al. Cotton Mill People: Work, Community, and Protest in the Textile South, 1880-1940. Washington, D.C.: American Historical Association, 1986.
Cp331.8 H175c

Hall, Jacquelyn Dowd, et.al. Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1987.
(A study of the mill village community based on oral history interviews in the Carolinas.)
C331.8 L727h

Herring, Harriet Laura. Passing of the Mill Village: Revolution in a Southern Institution. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1949.
(Studies the social effects on the community when mill homes are sold.)
C331.83 H56p

Hodges, James A. New Deal Labor Policy and the Southern Cotton Textile Industry, 1933-1941. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1986
C677 H68n

Leiter, Jeffrey, Michael D. Schulman, and Rhonda Zingraff, eds. Hanging By a Thread: Social Change in Southern Textiles. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, 1991.
C331.8 H239L

McHugh, Cathy L. Mill Family: the Labor System in the Southern Cotton Textile Industry, 1880-1915. NY: Oxford University Press, 1988.
C331.1 M15m

Mitchell, Broadus. The Rise of Cotton Mills in the South. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1921.
C677 M68r2

Pope, Liston. Millhands and Preachers: A Study of Gastonia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1942.
C331 P82m

Rhyne, Jennings Jefferson. Some Southern Cotton Mill Workers and Their Villages. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1930.
(A largely quantitative social study of workers in Gaston Co, NC.)
C331.8 R47s

Standard, Diffee W. and Richard W. Griffin "The Cotton Textile Industry in Ante-Bellum North Carolina," in North Carolina Historical Review vol. 34, nos. 1-2. (January-April 1957).
C970 N87hi v. 34 nos. 1-2 or
Cp 970 N87hi v. 34 nos. 1-2

Tompkins, Daniel A. Cotton Mill, Commercial Features: A Text-Book for the use of Textile Schools and Investors. Charlotte, NC: D. A. Tompkins, 1899.
(Useful sociological study that shows cost of machinery, equipment, and mill houses, including floor plans)
C677 T66co

Young, James Richard, ed. Textile Leaders of the South. Anderson, S.C., 1963.
C677 Y73t


Bibliographies

Institute for Southern Studies, comp. "Textile Resources" in Southern Exposure vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter 1976).
C917 S72i v. 3 n. 4

Tucker, Mae S. Textiles: A Bibliography of the Materials in the Textile Collection at the Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County.
Cp016.677 T89t