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Desegregation of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1930-1955

This bibliography is a guide to materials about the desegregation of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  The materials listed here cover the debate over desegregation beginning in 1930, with most materials relating to the admission of African American graduate students in 1951 and undergraduates in 1955.  The largest group of sources listed here are newspaper articles gathered by North Carolina Collection staff members and available in the University of North Carolina Clippings (CR378 UE7) in the North Carolina Collection reading room.

While this bibliography is designed to be a comprehensive list of all materials that deal primarily with the desegregation of UNC, there are many other, broader sources, which include at least some information about the subject.  Researchers should search the UNC Libraries online catalog for the following subjects:

African American college students--North Carolina
African Americans--Education (Higher)--North Carolina
College integration--North Carolina
Segregation in higher education--North Carolina
University of North Carolina (1793-1962) -- History -- 20th century

 

Books and Theses

Cheek, Neal.  An Historical Study of the Administrative Actions in the Racial Desegregation of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1930-1955.  Ph. D. Dissertation, University of North Carolina, 1973.  C378 U02 1973 Cheek

Vaughan, James Herbert Jr.  The Integration of Negroes into the Law School at the University of North Carolina.  M.A. Thesis, University of North Carolina, 1952.  191 pp.  C378 U02 1952 Vaughan

 

Magazine and Journal Articles

Burns, Augustus M.  "Graduate Education for Blacks in North Carolina, 1930-1951."  Journal of Southern History 46 no. 2 (May 1980), pp. 195-218.  Cp378.1 B96g

Harris, Nelson H.   "Desegregation in North Carolina Institutions of Higher Learning."  The Journal of Negro Education 27 no. 3 (Summer 1958), 295-299.

Phillips, Cabell.  "Another Trial of Integration."  New York Times Magazine (March 4, 1956), pp. 14, 40, 42, 44, 46.  Discusses the experiences of African American students and campus reaction at UNC.  FCp378 UC2

 

Archives and Manuscripts

J. Kenneth Lee Papers, 1949-1994.  Manuscripts Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Collection number 4782.  Papers relating to Lee's ultimately successful suit to attend the Law School at UNC.  Lee was one of the first African Americans to attend UNC.

LeRoy Benjamin Frasier Papers, 1955-1980.  Manuscripts Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Collection number 4375.  Papers, clippings, and photographs related to the 1955 admission of LeRoy and Ralph Frasier and John Brandon, the first African American undergraduates at UNC.

University Archives, Manuscripts Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  The University Archives holds the official records of the University, including correspondence and files relating to the debates over admission of African-American students.

 

Newspaper Articles

"N.C. Makes Best Showing."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 22, 1930.  Editorial in favor of decision denying admission of four African Americans to the UNC law school.  Concludes, "let's rejoice in our successful educational segregation while we can!"  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4165.  CR378 UE7

"Hocutt to Lose Suit to Enter University for Lack of Records."  Daily News (Greensboro, N.C.), March 28, 1953.  About Thomas Raymond Hocutt's suit to enter the pharmacy school at UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4159.  CR378 UE7

Pierson, ---.  "What is your Attitude Concerning the Admission of Negroes to White Schools?"  Typescript of article by Pierson, Dean of the Graduate School.  He writes that "with separation Negro educators have had far greater professional opportunity than could have been the case had we had mixed schools."  Pierson says that UNC will lend its teaching staff and library resources, "in so far as may be practicable and desirable," to segregated African American schools.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, pp. 4160-4163.  CR378 UE7

Harris, Leon.  "Inter-Racial Discussion Group Adopts Resolution To Admit Negro Graduates Immediately."  Daily Tar Heel, February 16, 1939.

Woodhouse, Edward J.  Letter to the editor about the meeting about the interracial meeting of February 15.  Daily Tar Heel, February 17, 1939, p. 2.

Borders, William L.  Letter to the editor about the interracial meeting of February 15.  Daily Tar Heel, February 23, 1939, p. 2.

"The Episode of the Interracial Meeting."  Chapel Hill Weekly (Chapel Hill, N.C.), February 24, 1939.  On a meeting in Graham Memorial to discuss the admission of African Americans to UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4164.  CR378 UE7

Hester, John W.  "Applications to the University."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 14, 1948.  Letter to the editor about three applications by African Americans to professional schools at UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4165.  CR378 UE7

"Spaulding Views UNC Issue."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 20, 1948.  C.C. Spaulding, head of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, on the possible admission of African Americans to professional schools at UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4165.  CR378 UE7

"He Rates a Hearing."  Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, N.C.), April 23, 1948.  On C.C. Spaulding, head of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4167.  CR378 UE7

"Law School Approves Negroes as Day Students."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), May 12, 1948.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4166.  CR378 UE7

"Up to General Assembly."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), May 14, 1948.  Governor Robert Cherry says that the decision about admitting African Americans to UNC should be decided by the state legislature, not by the UNC trustees.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4165.  CR378 UE7

"Student Poll."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), May 20, 1948.  Poll shows that 662 of 945 graduate and professional students at UNC "would not object to having Negroes in their classes."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4167.  CR378 UE7

"Father Loses Job After First Try; To Enter as Freshman."  Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), October 23, 1948.  On James L. Walker Jr.'s attempt to attend UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4167.  CR378 UE7

Non-Partisan Committee for Harold Epps.  Invitation to a meeting of the committee to support the admission of Harold Epps to the UNC Law School, June 30, [1949].   In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4171.  CR378 UE7

"Students Revive Law School Issue."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 1, 1949.  On the meeting of the Harold Epps committee.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4173.  CR378 UE7

"Agitation For Negro Entrance To U.N.C. Law School."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), 3 July 1949.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4168.  CR378 UE7

"Law School Campaign Halts."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 17, 1949.  On the committee to promote the admission of Harold Epps.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4168.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Plan Test On UNC Entry."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), August 20, 1949.  On NAACP-sponsored suits to allow African Americans to enter the UNC Law School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4173.  CR378 UE7

"Law School Case in Courts."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 26, 1949.  Harold Epps and Robert Davis Glass sue to enter UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4175.  CR378 UE7

" A suit was filed here Tuesday . . . ."  The Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), October 29, 1949.  Epps and Glass sue to enter UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4177.  CR378 UE7

"North Carolina officialdom bombed Southern race relations . . . ."  The Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), December 10, 1949.  N.C. Attorney General Harry McMillan announces plans to cooperate with other Southern states in fighting integration of graduate and professional schools.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4177.  CR378 UE7

"Six Negro Students Seek UNC Admission."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), January 16, 1950.  African American students sue to enter UNC Law School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4179.  CR378 UE7

"More Plaintiffs Are Permitted in U.N.C. Case."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), February 9, 1950.  Five plaintiffs, including Floyd McKissick and James Lassiter, added to Law School case.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4178.  CR378 UE7

"Accreditation of N.C.C. Law School Not To Affect Suits Over Entering U.N.C."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), March 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4175.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Begin Court Action in UNC Law School Wrangle."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), August 29, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4186.  CR378 UE7

Whitley, William B.  "South's Traditions Vs. Personal Rights Discussed In U.N.C. Case."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), August 30, 1950.  Erwin Griswold, Dean of the Law School at Harvard, testifies on the differences between the law schools at UNC and North Carolina Central.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4183-4184.  CR378 UE7

"Trial of Suit for Admission of Negroes."  Chapel Hill Weekly (Chapel Hill, N.C.), September 1, 1950.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4183.  CR378 UE7

"Umstead Views UNC Case."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 2, 1950.  Senator William B. Umstead on the suit to integrate the UNC Law School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4185.  CR378 UE7

Austin, L.E.  "Epps, Glass Out; Both Sides Finish."  Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), September 2, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4185.  CR378 UE7

"Neighbors in the Courthouse."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 3, 1950.  Editorial.    In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4186.  CR378 UE7

"Hayes Declines To Order UNC To Admit Four."  Statesville Daily Record (Statesville, N.C.), October 10, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4189.  CR378 UE7

"Here's Text of Judge's Ruling In UNC Law School."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 10, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4191-4192.  CR378 UE7

"Judge Denies 4 Negroes Admission to University."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), October 10, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4189.  CR378 UE7

"Judge Hayes, at Chapel Hill Events, Explains Ruling Denying Negroes Admission to U.N.C."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), Winston-Salem Journal (Winston-Salem, N.C.), October 10, 1950.  Judge Johnson J. Hayes explains his ruling, "I feel they have equal facilities for their number of students at their present school."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4187.  CR378 UE7

"Judge Hayes's Decision."  Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, N.C.), October 11, 1950.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4187.  CR378 UE7

"Judge Hayes's Decision On UNC Admissions."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), October 11, 1950.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4192.  CR378 UE7

"The Hayes Decision."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 11, 1950.  Editorial.  "All North Carolinians now should sit as judges to decide whether the State is discriminating against all of its students of every color by failing to provide the highest educational facilities of which a rich State is capable."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4189.  CR378 UE7

"In Good Faith."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), October 12, 1950.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4192.  CR378 UE7

"Questions of 'Equality' in the N.C. Law School Case."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 30, 1950.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4188.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Appeal UNC Case."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 31, 1950.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4188.  CR378 UE7

"Four Negroes File UNC Applications."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), January 27, 1951.  African Americans apply to enter UNC medical school.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4173.  CR378 UE7

Giduz, Roland.  "Raleigh Man Among Those Seeking Entry."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), January 27, 1951.  On Albert Whitaker's application to the UNC medical school.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4174.  CR378 UE7

Whitley, William B.  "U.N.C. Negro Admissions Will Be Studied By Group."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), January 30, 1951.  Board of Trustees creates Admissions Advisory Commission.  Trustee John Sprunt Hill quoted as saying "It's all a big scheme to bring about social equality in the South, and that will never come."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4174.  CR378 UE7

"Special Group to Confer on University Admissions."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), January 30, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4179.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Admissions Plan Talked."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), January 30, 1951.  Committee to consider admission of African Americans.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4174.  CR378 UE7

"Scott Sees No 'Ducking' of Negro Issue."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), February 21, 1951.  Governor William Kerr Scott comments on attempts to integrate UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4180.  CR378 UE7

"Negro Files Suit for UNC Study."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 10, 1951.  James Edward Thomas applies to UNC Medical School.    In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4190.  CR378 UE7

"Court Considers Law School Issue."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 16, 1951.  Fourth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Virginia hears UNC case.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4180.  CR378 UE7

"Former Navy Ensign Seeks Right To Study Medicine In Own Home State."  The Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), March 17, 1951.  James Edward Thomas applies to UNC Medical School.    In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4190.  CR378 UE7

Seeks Admission to UNC School: Raleigh Teacher Joins In Action."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 20, 1951.  Albert Whitaker sues to enter UNC Medical School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4181.  CR378 UE7

"Admission Of Negroes To UNC Recommended With Provisions."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), March 23, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4182.  CR378 UE7

"Negro Applications Studied."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 22, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4181.  CR378 UE7

"Segregation at the University."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), March 24, 1951.  Editorial.  "No state more so that North Carolina has made a sincere effort to provide graduate training in truly 'separate but equal' institutions."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4182.  CR378 UE7

"Under the Dome."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 24, 1951.  UNC considering admitting African American student.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4181.  CR378 UE7

Chaney, Jim.  "Would Not Bar Negro From Graduate Schools Because of Race."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 23, 1951.  UNC Board of Trustees recommends applications to graduate schools be considered "without regard to color or race."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4180-4181.  CR378 UE7

Brantley, Russell.  "Former Solon Would Bar Negroes From University."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), March 27, 1951.  Representative C. Wayland Spruill considers proposing legislation to cut funding for integrated schools.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4194.  CR378 UE7

"Segregation Support Urged by Telegrams."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), March 27, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4195.  CR378 UE7

Chaney, Jim.  "Court of Appeals Reverses Decision of Middle District Court in Case of Negroes Seeking Admission to UNC Law School; Facilities of N.C. College at Durham Feature In Ruling; Gordon Gray to Urge Trustees to Appeal Decision to Supreme Court."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 28, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4198.  CR378 UE7

"Court Rules State Must Admit Negroes To UNC Law School."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), March 28, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4195.  CR378 UE7

"A Condition, Not a Theory."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 28, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4193.  CR378 UE7

"Court and Color Bar."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), March 29, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4195.  CR378 UE7

"Under the Dome."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 29, 1951.  Notes on the decision forcing UNC to admit African American students to its professional schools.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4193.  CR378 UE7

"Court Says Negroes May Be Students in U.N.C. Law School."  Chapel Hill Weekly (Chapel Hill, N.C.), March 30, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4197.  CR378 UE7

"The North Carolina Way."  Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), March 31, 1951.  Editorial.  "This newspaper regretfully reports that in many matters of race, the State of North Carolina, while admittedly acting independently of the better known bigots of the South on some issues, has nevertheless managed to achieve the same result in a more subtle manner."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4194.  CR378 UE7

"Three-Hour Heated Debate Preceded Trustees' Action."  April 1951.  UNC Trustees vote to appeal decision admitting African Americans to UNC and also to consider admitting qualified African American students provided that the classes they need are not available at state-supported African American colleges.  John Kerr Jr. is quoted as saying "A vote for this resolution [to admit African American students] is a vote for social equality.  If you want to maintain white supremacy, this is your opportunity to do it."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4199.  CR378 UE7

"Carolina's Decisive Case."  New York Times (New York, N.Y.), April 1, 1951.  Editorial.  "[UNC] has been a tower of enlightenment in the South.  For decades books have been coming from its press that have spread understanding of interracial perplexities and promoted tolerance."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4193.  CR378 UE7

Lewis, Nell Battle.  "Incidentally: Heading for Rough Waters?"  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 1, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4197.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Trustees to Air Negro Student Issue."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 4, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4204.  CR378 UE7

Chaney, Jim.  "UNC's Board of Trustees Argues Negro Admissions Procedure."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 5, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4201-4202.  CR378 UE7

"Here's Vote Of Trustees on Proposal."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 5, 1951.  Lists names of UNC trustees and how they voted on proposal to admit African Americans to professional schools.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4200.  CR378 UE7

"Only Possible Decision."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 5, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4202.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Trustees Vote, 61-15, To Admit Negro Students."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 5, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4203.  CR378 UE7

"Down the Middle of the Road."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 6, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4203.  CR378 UE7

"Not So Far As The Courts May Require."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), April 6, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4200.  CR378 UE7

Lewis, Nell Battle.  "Incidentally: 'Required by Authoritative Judicial Interpretation'."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 8, 1951.  Editorial.  "I am perfectly certain that the white people of North Carolina wish segregation continued in the lower schools.  Then the way to see that it is continued is not to rant and charge around about it but to bring the Negro schools up to the white."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4204.  CR378 UE7

Sherrill, John T.  "Students Not Worried Over Question Of Admitting Negroes."  Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, N.C.), April 8, 1951.  Poll shows 75% of UNC students favor admitting African Americans.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4196.  CR378 UE7

"Let Well Enough Alone."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), April 15, 1951.  Editorial reprinted from the Southern Pines Pilot.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4202.  CR378 UE7

"State Asks Negro Student Suit Dismissed."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 20, 1951.  James Edward Thomas sues to enter UNC Medical School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4205.  CR378 UE7

"State Asks Suit Dismissal."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 20, 1951.  James Edward Thomas sues to enter UNC Medical School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4205.  CR378 UE7

"6-1 Vote Breaks 162-Year-Old Policy at University; First White Southern School to Admit Negro Without Being Forced by Court Order; Letter of Acceptance Sent to Postal Worker Edward O. Diggs."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 25, 1951.  Diggs, a pre-medical student at North Carolina A & T is admitted to UNC Medical School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4205.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Admits First Negro, Ending 162-Year-Old Ban."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 25, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4207.  CR378 UE7

"In Good Faith."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 26, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4207.  CR378 UE7

"Equality of Opportunity."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), April 27, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4207.  CR378 UE7

"Oldest State University Ends Segregation."  Carolina Times (Durham, N.C.), April 28, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4206.  CR378 UE7

Jackson, Richard.  "Grave Injustice."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 30, 1951.  Letter to the editor.  "Anyone with vision knows that the policy of separation has been the economic salvation of the colored races in America."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4206.  CR378 UE7

Parker, Roy Jr.  "Negroes Top News Of Year: New Policy On Segregation Best Of Top Ten Stories."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), May 24, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4209.  CR378 UE7

"Four Students Win Legal Fight to Attend Law School By Ruling."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 5, 1951.  U.S. Supreme Court refuses to review UNC Law School case.  Floyd McKissick, Solomon Revis, James Lassiter, and J. Kenneth Lee to be admitted provided that they meet "regular requirements for admission."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4206.  CR378 UE7

"UNC May Act Now On Rule."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 6, 1951.  UNC considers admitting African American law students for summer term.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4176.  CR378 UE7

"U.N.C. Warned To Admit Negroes For Summer Term: N.A.C.P. Threatens Contempt Suit If Negro Law School Applicants Aren't Enrolled Now."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), June 7, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4208.  CR378 UE7

"Bobtail Decision."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 8, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4178.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Law School Enrolls Negroes."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 8, 1951.  Harvey Beech, J. Kenneth Lee, and Floyd B. McKissick admitted to the UNC Law School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4172.  CR378 UE7

"University Admits 3 Negro Law Students."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), June 8, 1951.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4178.  CR378 UE7

"Up to the Negroes."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 8, 1951.  Editorial.  ". . . the future of the Law School at the North Carolina College at Durham is strictly up to the Negro people of the State."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4188.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Law School Gets New Entry."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 9, 1951.  James Lassiter admitted to UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4176.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Find Dorm Segregation."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 12, 1951.  African American law students assigned rooms on the third floor of Steele Dormitory, white students on that floor are transferred.  "Other than the incident involving the dormitory the presence of the four created little interest on the campus today."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4211.  CR378 UE7

"Avoid Incidents!"  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 13, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4212.  CR378 UE7

"Negro Denied Study at UNC."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 13, 1951.  Gwendolyn Harris's acceptance to UNC is rescinded, Chancellor House says that it was an "honest mistake," the University was not aware that she was an African American when she applied.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4212.  CR378 UE7

Harrison, Gwendolyn L.  "Rejected."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 15, 1951.  Letter to the editor.  "The trustees of the University have voted to admit qualified Negroes to the graduate school of that institution.  Why, then was I accepted by the University and then refused permission to register upon my arrival on campus?"  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4211.  CR378 UE7

Uzzell, O.  "Grasping at Straws."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 15, 1951.  Letter to the editor.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4210.  CR378 UE7

"No Incidents Noted, Says UNC President."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), June 20, 1951.  Gordon Gray tells alumni group that the recently admitted African American law students  "are being treated like any other students."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4209.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Suit: Negro Woman Files Action."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 6, 1951.  Gwendolyn Lolita Harrison files suit to enter UNC Graduate School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4210.  CR378 UE7

"Entire Board Also to Meet: University Trustees to Decide on Position in Negro Application."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 14, 1951.  Trustees to decide whether to admit Gwendolyn Harris to the UNC Graduate School.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4210.  CR378 UE7

Fentress, Simmons.  "Negro Woman Goes to UNC; Expansion at NCC Is Urged."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 15, 1951.  Gwendolyn Harris is "conditionally admitted" to UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4213.  CR378 UE7

"On Football Tickets:  UNC Negro Raises Question."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 27, 1951.  James Walker, UNC law student, angered at receiving tickets to sit in a segregated section, away from the rest of the students, during football games.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4214.  CR378 UE7

"'Social'."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 2, 1951.  Editorial on seating at football games.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4214.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Segregation Deplored."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 2, 1951.  Student religious groups send anti-segregation statements to UNC officials.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4214.  CR378 UE7

"No Change In Seating Policy."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 5, 1951.  Chancellor Houses reaffirms UNC's commitment to maintain segregated seating at football games.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4214.  CR378 UE7

"Not Worth a Fight."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 6, 1951.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4213.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Get Tickets, Hint; Stay Away from UNC Game."  Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, N.C.), October 14, 1951.  After African American students receive tickets to the UNC - South Carolina football game, Chancellor R.B. House writes them that the Board of Trustees "believe it wise to observe, for the present, the custom of segregation at North Carolina intercollegiate athletic games."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4210.  CR378 UE7

Street, M.H.  "Negro Students."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 15, 1951.  Letter to the editor.  "Let us do only what is required and stand against unnecessary mixing."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4215.  CR378 UE7

Lewis, Nell Battle.  "Incidentally: A Letter from Senator Hoey."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 21, 1951.  Senator Claude Hoey writes, "All of us are in favor of doing everything possible to advance and help the Negro race but some of the liberals have gone literally crazy on the subject of segregation . . . ."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4215.  CR378 UE7

"Negroes Occupy Student Section At U.N.C. Game."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), November 4, 1951.  University official says that "it did not create the slightest stir" when four African American students sit with white students at UNC - Tennessee football game.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4196.  CR378 UE7

Bartholomew, Robert.  "UNC Student Vote Studied."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), November 9, 1951.  On the UNC student organizations that publicly supported integrating student seating at football games.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4217.  CR378 UE7

"Mixed Social Function Rule Bans UNC Law School Dance."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), January 16, 1952.  UNC Law students vote to hold dance even though African American students would be considered eligible to attend.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4216.  CR378 UE7

"Non-Segregated Dances Not Allowed, UNC Rules."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), January 16, 1952.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4218.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Segregated Dance Ruling May Bring NAACP Suit."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), January 20, 1952.  Chancellor House rules that no integrated dances would be held at UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4216.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Charged 'Harassing' Negro Pupils."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), February 29, 1952.  NAACP lawyer charges UNC with harassing African American law students and trying to prevent their graduation.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4216.  CR378 UE7

"Unfortunate Charge."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), March 5, 1952.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4215.  CR378 UE7

"NAACP Told Negro Hurting Self."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), April 7, 1952.  Kenneth Lee, African American law student at UNC, speaks at NAACP meeting in Greensboro.  "The greatest enemy of the Negro is the Negro himself."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4218.  CR378 UE7

"Negro Students: Occupy Private Rooms at University."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), October 5, 1954.  On segregation in UNC dormitories.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4219.  CR378 UE7

"Segregation Didn't Worry Two Negroes."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), October 5, 1954.  About Romallus Murphy and James Slade, African American graduate students at UNC.  Slade says about UNC, "I can't find any discrimination or prejudice at all."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4219.  CR378 UE7

"Refused."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), May 12, 1955.  Three African American high school seniors from Durham denied admission to UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4219.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Undergraduate School Refuses To Admit Negroes."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), May 12, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4219.  CR378 UE7

Powledge, Fred.  "Over a dozen student leaders . . . ."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), May 14, 1955.  UNC student leaders support the admission of African American undergraduates.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4220.  CR378 UE7

"'Policy' Followed: Gray Explains Rejections."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), May 17, 1955.  UNC President Gordon Gray explains that three African American undergraduates were denied admission "in accordance with trustee policy that Negro students are eligible for admission only to graduate and professional schools, and then only when similar facilities are not available in the state for the Negro race."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4221.  CR378 UE7

Bass, Neil.  "A resolution urging the administration to admit Negro students was in the hands of a student legislator last night, but an exodus of representatives prevented its introduction."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), May 20, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4221.  CR378 UE7

Powledge, Fred.  "NAACP Official's Letter Asks Gray For Assistance."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), May 21, 1955.  C.O. Pearson of the North Carolina NAACP urges UNC President Gordon Gray to admit African American undergraduates.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4220.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Trustees Pass Rule Barring Negro Students."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), May 24, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4223.  CR378 UE7

"State Answers UNC Suit."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), July 29, 1955.  In lawsuit to integrate UNC undergraduate school, State of North Carolina "claimed that Negroes are in no way injured by the policy of denying them admission to the undergraduate ranks of Chapel Hill."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4221-4222.  CR378 UE7

McGee, Fred.  "Student's Qualifications Will Determine Entrance."  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), September 11, 1955.  Federal Court orders UNC to process undergraduate applications "without regard to race or color."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4225.  CR378 UE7

"University Decision No Surprise."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 12, 1955.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4228-4229.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Trustees to Appeal Rule On Negroes to Highest Tribunal."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 13, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4229.  CR378 UE7

"Long Chance For Little Gain."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 14, 1955.  Editorial.  "The decision to appeal this case will not keep Negroes out of the University.  They are already there."  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4229, 4231.  CR378 UE7

"Group Studies UNC's Appeal: Officials Await Written Ruling In Suit Filed By Durham Negroes."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 15, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4231.  CR378 UE7

"Time But Little Else."  Chapel Hill News Leader (Chapel Hill, N.C.), September 15, 1955.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4231.  CR378 UE7

"UNC Graduate School: Six Negroes Are Enrolled."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 15, 1955.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4231.  CR378 UE7

Price, Woodrow.  "Federal Judges Deny Request For Stay of Judgment; UNC Accepts Three Durham Youths On Advice of Attorney General; Begin Classes Tomorrow; Will Not Live On Campus."  News and Observer (Raleigh, N.C.), September 16, 1955.  Leroy Frasier, Ralph Frasier, and John Lewis Brandon admitted to UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4226.  CR378 UE7

"The Sky Will Not Fall."  Greensboro Daily News (Greensboro, N.C.), September 17, 1955.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4232.  CR378 UE7

"The University Enters An Appeal."  Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, N.C.), September 17, 1955.  Editorial.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4226-4227.  C378 UE7

Robinson, Charles K.  "Along The Way."  Asheville Citizen-Times (Asheville, N.C.), September 18, 1955.  A brief history of the integration of UNC, with a comment on the Trustees' appeal of the court decision ordering consideration of undergraduates without regard to race.  "If you are going to comply, and particularly after you have already complied in a like situation, then why not comply without any more argument?"  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4228.  C378 UE7

"University Should Furnish Moral Leadership To South, Accept Negro Students: Northup."  Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.), September 18, 1955.  Isaac Noyes Northup, Rector of All Souls Parish in Biltmore urges UNC to admit African American undergraduates.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4227.  C378 UE7

"Seen."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), October 22, 1955.  Addresses rumors of a resolution supporting integration at UNC.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4232.  CR378 UE7

"On Segregation, 'What New Policy?'"  Durham Morning Herald (Durham, N.C.), October 23, 1955.  UNC trustee John Clark criticizes statement by faculty at UNC Women's College in support of integration.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4232.  CR378 UE7

"In Case Of Three Negroes: UNC Appeal On The Way."  Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.), October 25, 1955.  UNC Trustees will appeal decision on integration to U.S. Supreme Court.  In University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Clippings, vol. 13, p. 4233.  CR378 UE7