Population/Demography Collections

Microform Collections

The Davis Library Microforms Collection holds microfilm copies of all existing U.S. population census schedules for the sixteen Southern states, plus the District of Columbia, which form the federal Southern region. In terms of chronological scope these schedules begin with 1790, the date of the first national census, and extend to 1920, which is the latest released. (Portions of the first three decennial censuses disappeared and were presumably destroyed when the British burned Washington, D.C. during the War of 1812). The Davis Microform Collection also holds a few census schedules for states outside the south.

These census schedules are the handwritten enumerations of names and other personal and family information, which typically become fuller over time. They provide the basis for the decennial population and related statistical compilations that the federal government produces. The lists below indicate holdings by decade and state, the number of reels for each state and the National Archives microcopy number.

Although no names indexes (Soundexes) are available in the Microforms Collection, the North Carolina Collection in Wilson Library holds some names indexes through 1870 and has a duplicate copy of the North Carolina schedules on microfilm.

The call number for the Census Schedules from 1790 through 1910 is Microfilm 1-2327. The call number for the 1920 Census Schedules is Microfilm 1-4456. Some general guides are available at the Davis Library Microforms Collection service desk.

Decade States Number of Reels National Archives Microcopy Number
1790 Maryland
North Carolina
South Carolina
1
1
1
M637
1800 Delaware
D.C.
Maryland
North Carolina
South Carolina
1
1
4
6
4
M32
1810 Delaware
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
(including present day West Virginia)
1
5
1
4
6
3
1
6
M252
1820 Delaware
D.C.
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
1
1
5
14
3
7
2
6
4
4
14
M33
1830 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
4
1
2
1
1
6
10
3
6
2
2
9
5
9
13
M19
1840 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Virginia
4
1
1
1
1
5
7
3
5
3
4
21
4
8
10
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
T-5
M704
T-5
T-5
T-5
1850 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
20
7
3
2
3
23
9
5
6
5
7
38
16
11
7
12
T6 & M432
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6
T6 & M432
T6
T6
T6
1860 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
7
5
2
2
2
8
10
5
14
6
13
42
6
9
7
14
T-7
T-7
T-7 & M653
T-7
T-7
T-7
T-7
T-7
T-7 & M653
T-7
T-7
M653 & T7
T-7
T-7
T-7
1870 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
19
5
2
1
2
13
13
8
8
10
20
46
8
14
9
13
5
M593 & T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
M593
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
T-8
1880 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
35
23
5
4
8
40
46
28
26
32
71
39
27
44
47
45
18
T-9
1890

Most of the Census records for 1890 were destroyed by fire in 1921 before being microfilmed.

[Alabama]
[D.C.]
[Georgia]
[Illinois]
[Minnesota]
[New Jersey]
[New York]
[North Carolina]
[Ohio]
[South Dakota]
[Texas]




(three reels total)
M407
1900 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
Oklahoma
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
44
32
5
7
13
53
50
31
27
37
73
46
10
32
50
75
44
22
T-623
1910 Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
Oklahoma
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
37
26
4
7
14
51
45
29
22
35
63
43
36
30
37
75
34
24
T-624
1920

Microfilm 1-4456

Alabama
Arkansas
Delaware
D.C.
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
North Carolina
Oklahoma
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Virginia
West Virginia
45
34
5
9
19
54
46
34
27
34
48
40
32
44
89
43
28
T-625
1930

Microfilm 1-5495

D.C.
North Carolina
14
60
T-626
1930

Microfilm 1-5501

South Carolina
33
T-626
1930

Microfilm 1-5591

Virginia
54
T-626

In addition, UNC-Chapel Hill holds a few census reels of non-Southern states. These include:

Decade State Number of Reels National Archives Microcopy Number
1800 Maine 1 M-32, reel 6
1840 Pennsylvania 3 M-704, 439-41
1850 New York 2 M-432, 617-18
1860 Minnesota 1 M-653, 574
1900 Maine 1 T-623, 595
1900 North Dakota 9 T-623, 1226-34