The Story: Integration

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The vandalism and bomb threats continued throughout the first few years of integration, and school disturbances increased. During the 1970-71 school year, 6,500 students were suspended or expelled from schools. The majority of these students were African American. Many black students, parents, and community members felt that black students were suspended unfairly without being able to give their side of the story, while white students involved in the disturbances went unpunished.

"Turn the Corner"
- William Hamlin

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A group of black and white community members formed the Citizen Advisory Group in 1973 as a response to the busing turmoil. The group felt the current plan was unfair and discriminated against students in black and low-income white neighborhoods. They drafted a new desegregation plan which would require all neighborhoods in Charlotte-Mecklenburg, including southeast Charlotte, to bus students more equally. The new plan, referred to as the Ray-Sanders plan, was approved by Judge McMillan in 1974 and put into action during the 1974-75 school year. The new plan had the approval of the majority of the school board, the court, and the community. McMillan closed the Swann case in July 1975 after Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools had been successfully desegregated for one year.