Timeline

 

1820s

1827

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Mountain transportation saw further improvement with the completion of the Buncombe Turnpike running from north of Asheville, NC, to Greenville, TN

 

1830s

1838

Cherokee Indian

The federal government forced the majority of the Native Americans of the region, predominantly the Cherokee, to move to present-day Oklahoma
Original Image from the North Carolina Collection

 

1850s

1851

Madison County, NC, was incorporated

 

1860s

1860

(November 6th) The Republican victory of President Abraham Lincoln led seven Southern states to secede from the Union

1861

Mosby Portrait

(April 12th) The first shots of the Civil War were fired by Confederate forces attacking Fort Sumter in South Carolina
Original Image from Documenting the American South

1861

Secession Cockade

(May 20th) North Carolina became the last Confederate state to declare its secession from the Union
Original Image from the North Carolina Collection

1863

(July) Victory at Gettysburg, PA, was the turning point at which the Union began to win the Civil War

1865

(April 9th) The end of the Civil War came with the collapse of Confederate resistance after Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, VA

1865

Lincoln Portrait

(April 14th) President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington, DC
Original Image fromDocumenting the American South

1868

(July 4th) North Carolina was readmitted to the Union

 

1870s

1870

Douglass Portrait

(February 3rd) The Fifteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution was ratified, providing all male citizens of the United States with the right to vote
Original Image from Documenting the American South

1870

The population of Madison County had grown to 8,192 residents

1872

Tobacco Farmer

Bright leaf tobacco was introduced in western North Carolina and proved its profitability even when grown in small quantities
Original Image from the North Carolina Collection

 

1880s

1881

Railroad

Completion of the Western North Carolina Railroad opened the region to profit-making opportunities that had previously been out of reach
Original Image from Documenting the American South

 

1890s

1890

The population of Madison County grew to 17,805