The violence here in 1963. Do you attribute that to a climate created by Wallace?
Arthur Shores:
By Wallace and by Bull Connor over here in Birmingham and by the sheriff down there in Dallas County [Jim Clark]. That's where the heat of the thing was. I think it was attributed to the three of them. But it was the greatest boon that happened to the civil rights issue. To have had shown on television what was happening. Like the dogs and the hosepipes here. This pricked the conscience of the people all over this country so we had no trouble getting a rather stiff civil rights law, legislation. And then at the march from Selma toward Montgomery, when they were met with these electric cattle prods there on the bridge. And we got through right easily the Voter Rights Act. And of course that was really the greatest thing that has happened to blacks. In Alabama...I think Alabama is now third in the union among states with black elected officials. We've got four black sheriffs in Alabama. Something you don't have anywhere else in the country. And of course I believe Mississippi is first. I'm not sure that Arkansas is second and we're third now. At one time we were the number of black elected officials. And that came as a result of the 1965 Voter Rights Act.
Do you think that's the irony of George Wallace?
Arthur Shores :
Well, it might be considered that, but it was a great...I mean he's considered...George Wallace and Bull Connor and Jim Clark were considered the greatest help that we have received in the whole civil rights thrust. They're the ones who brought it about. More quickly and completely than anything else that was done.

- Arthur Shores, former Birmingham politician and civil rights attorney

Interview with Arthur Shores by Jack Bass, July 17, 1974, Interview A-0021, in the Southern Oral History Program Collection #4007, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
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