How to Proceed: Additions
4.2. Atypical Finding Aids
In section 4.1. of this manual, we indulged in a bit of archival humor when we used "typical" to modify "finding aid." Since manuscripts collections are largely composed of unique items, there can be no typical collection, no typical arrangement, and, therefore, no typical finding aid. Hence, we rely on the flexibility of our finding aid format that permits description and cataloging of almost any collection, whatever its arrangement.
This section covers separately maintained additions and intentionally assembled collections, both of which require special finding aid format flexibility. Guidelines for the collection that gets the most special treatment of all--the Southern Oral History Program Collection (SOHP)--can be found in the SOHP manual.
Additions to existing collections come in many shapes and sizes. It can be the case that an addition consists of materials that can be dropped into appropriate places in an already established arrangement with little or no impact on the description. An addition of this type sometimes requires revision of several lines of the finding aid and/or some slight additional information. Possible changes include revision of the provenance/acquisitions information statement, the number of items or range of dates; slight revision of the abstract, online catalog terms, and/or series description(s); insertion of new folders in the list of existing folders. Often these kinds of revisions change so little in terms of description that it is not necessary to revise the existing MARC record.
If an addition contains materials that will significantly alter the description of the collection, we typically treat the new material as a separately maintained addition (read on).
126.96.36.199. Separately Maintained Additions
Separately maintained additions are real time savers that work very well provided that the material in these additions is clearly described, its location within the collection identified, and access points for the new material provided when necessary.
If the finding aid for the collection to which you are adding has already been encoded in EAD, Addition(s) becomes a new series and each separate addition is a subseries under it. The abstract, administrative information, online catalog terms, scope and content note, and series list also are updated as appropriate. See the addition section of the EAD manual for step by step instructions
Additions typically are named by when they were received at the repository, not by when you are adding the material to the collection. In the example below, you'll note that the addition is referred to as the Addition of March 2008, meaning that the photograph was given to us in March 2008.
Typically, you will append your description of the addition to the end of the abstract and scope and content note as in the example below. Begin your sentence with "The Addition of." Capitalize the word Addition.
William Borden Cobb Papers, 1908-1934 Collection Number 5266 ________________________________________ Back to Top
Repository University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Creator Cobb, William Borden, 1894- Title William Borden Cobb Papers, 1908-1934 (bulk 1918-1919)
Call Number 5266
Language of Materials Materials in English Extent Items: About 200 Linear Feet: 0.5 Abstract William Borden Cobb of Goldsboro, N.C., served a sergeant in the Chemical Warfare Services section of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. Cobb was stationed in La Pallice and Saint Sulpice, France. When the war ended, he attended the American Expeditionary Forces University in Beune, France.
Letters from William Borden Cobb to his parents William H. and Georgia Borden Cobb and to his brother Donnell B. Cobb provide detailed descriptions of military life in France away from the front including activities in Chemical Warfare Service camps, travels around France especially to Bordeaux and Paris, and experiences at the American Expeditionary Forces University in Beune. A few letters contain enclosures such as Cobb's records of military promotion and ephemera. There is also a very small amount of correspondence from Cobb and Borden family members. The Addition of March 2008 consists of a 1918 photographic portrait of William Borden Cobb in military uniform.
Back to Top Administrative Information
Acquisitions Information Received from John C. Cobb of Goldsboro, N.C., in January 2006 (Acc. 100300) and in March 2008 (Acc. 100876).
Processing Information Processed by: Jackie Dean, April 2006 Encoded by: Jackie Dean, April 2006 Revisions: Finding aid updated in June 2008 by John Blythe.
Back to Top
Related Collections Cobb Family Papers (#4008)
Biographical Note William Borden Cobb served a sergeant in the Chemical Warfare Services section of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. Cobb was stationed in La Pallice and Saint Sulpice, France. When the war ended, he attended the American Expeditionary Forces University in Beune, France. Cobb was born 10 September 1894 in Goldsboro, N.C., and was graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1916. William H. Cobb Jr. and Georgia Borden Cobb were his parents, Dr. Donnell B. Cobb of Goldsboro was his brother, and Collier Cobb of Chapel Hill, N.C., was his uncle.
Scope and Content Note Letters from William Borden Cobb of Goldsboro, N.C., to his parents William H. Cobb and Georgia Borden Cobb and to his brother Donnell B. Cobb provide detailed descriptions of military life in France away from the front including activities in Chemical Warfare Service camps, travel in France especially to Bordeaux and Paris, and experiences at the American Expeditionary Forces University. A few letters contain enclosures such as Cobb's records of military promotion and ephemera. There is also a very small amount of correspondence from Cobb and Borden family members. The Addition of March 2008 consists of a 1918 photographic portrait of William Borden Cobb in military uniform.
Arrangement of Collection Letters from William Borden Cobb and other correspondence, 1919-1934 Addition of March 2008
Items Separated Photograph (P-5266/1)
________________________________________ Contents List
Letters from William Borden Cobb and other correspondence, 1919-1934. About 200 items.
Folder 1-6 Letters to William H. Cobb Jr. and Georgia Borden Cobb, 1918-1919 Folder 7 Letter to William H. Cobb Jr. and Georgia Borden Cobb, 1929 Folder 8 Letters to Donnell B. Cobb, July 1918-March 1919
Back to Top Addition of March 2008 (Acc. 100876) Image P-5266/1 Photographic portrait of William Borden Cobb, 1918
Separately Maintained Additions with Series
In some cases you will have series in your addition. Unlike series and subseries in original deposits, those in additions typically do not receive numbers. In place of the number, we include the name of the addition, i.e. Addition of April 2003: Correspondence.
In days past, if we had a series in our addition that duplicated a series in the original deposit, we would give the addition's series the same number. We gave up this practice because it proved confusing to navigate finding aids with duplicate series numbers on the web.
Arrangments can be complicated and might not always work with these rules. See your supervising archivist for help with describing your series arrangement as a separately maintained addition.
The container list below is an example of a separately maintained addition with series. The latest addition described here does not include series.
1. Correspondence and related materials Folder 1 Correspondence, 1901-1910 Folder 2 Correspondence, 1911-1920 Folder 3 Correspondence, 1921-1945
2. Diaries Folder 4 Diary ,1925 Folder 5 Diary, 1942
Addition of March 2008 (Acc. 10452)
Addition of March 2008: Correspondence Folder 6 Correspondence, 1950s Folder 7 Correspondence, 1960s Folder 8 Correspondence, 1970s
Addition of March 2008: Diaries Folder 9 Diary, 1950 Folder 10 Diary, 1951
Addition of March 2008: Financial Records
Folder 11 Account book, 1901 Folder 12 Account book, 1902-1903
Addition of February 2009 (Acc. 200135)
Folder 13 Account book, 1905 P-6001/1 Photograph of Hetty Holdzkom, age 3
Alerting Researchers to Additions
With separately maintained additions, it's good practice to warn researchers that they will need to look in the collection's additions to find all the materials that they need. Include a note indicating this as the last paragraph of your scope and content note.
These papers consist chiefly of family letters from the 1790s through the early 1860s. Correspondence of the family with outsiders had been almost entirely excluded from the collection, but family letters were deliberately preserved as a "family record" (see Ellen Mordecai's letters of October-November 1854). The Addition of January 2007 includes personal letters between family members; 1816 letters by Maria Edgeworth and Richard Lovell Edgeworth responding to Rachel Mordecai Lazarus's letter concerning Edgeworth's literary treatment of Jews; and reminiscences, song lyrics, and fragements. The Addition of September 2007 includes letters written to and by Mordecai family members, 1865 and 1916-1917, and one poem dated 1945. The Addition of December 2007 contains the three-volume "A Memoir of Maria Edgeworth with a Selection from Her Letters by the late Mrs. Edgeworth" (unpublished) with accompanying notes tipped in.
Additions received after 1979 have not been integrated into the original deposits. Researchers should always check additions to be sure they have identified all files of interest to them
Finishing the Finding Aid with Additions
There are a few extra steps involved in finishing a finding aid with additions. It's important that we indicate what content has changed in this new version, so the departmental cataloger can update the collection's MARC record. Once you have finished adding your information to the finding aid, you will print out the finding aid and annotate your changes. For additions to long collections, there is no need to print out the pages that represent the original deposit if nothing has been changed here. You can print just the parts that have changed.
Please circle or otherwise annotate the following items on the printed copy. If any of the items in the list below have not changed as a result of your addition, please indicate this by writing "No Change" by the item.
• Collection dates • Extent • Accessions Info/Provenance • Processing Information • Abstract • Subject headings • Biographical/Historical Note • Scope and Content Note • Organization of Collection • Items Separated: here indicate specifically what you have changed • Indicate what parts in the container list you have added.
REMEMBER there are sections in the EAD header that must be updated as well. See the EAD manual for specific instructions for this.
188.8.131.52. Additions to Collections That Have Been Microfilmed
Be sensitive to researcher needs when processing additions to collections that have been microfilmed. If the addition is to be physically integrated into the materials that have been microfilmed, make an item list for the control file so that researchers who use the collection on film can easily locate what is not on the film. A number of plantation collections that were filmed by UPA during the 1990s still get additions through donation and purchase. Among these are the Cameron Family Papers, the Lenoir Family Papers, and the Pettigrew Family.
Making additions to collections that have been microfilmed can be a complicated matter. The best plan of attack is to consult with your supervising archivist.